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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, separation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
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Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample condition
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  • Experiments differ in Isolation, Proteïn analysis, Particle analysis
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  • Experiments differ in isolation protocol/particle analysis/sample origin/sample type
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  • Experiments differ in Isolation, Proteïn analysis, Particle analysis
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  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Separation protocol
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  • Experiments differ in Sample condition, Separation protocol
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Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type separation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV180033 2/3 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
Tangential flow filtration
Busatto S 2018 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Busatto S, Vilanilam G, Ticer T, Lin WL, Dickson DW, Shapiro S, Bergese P, Wolfram J1.
Journal
Cells
Abstract
Concentration of extracellular vesicles (EVs) from biological fluids in a scalable and reproducible (show more...)Concentration of extracellular vesicles (EVs) from biological fluids in a scalable and reproducible manner represents a major challenge. This study reports the use of tangential flow filtration (TFF) for the highly efficient isolation of EVs from large volumes of samples. When compared to ultracentrifugation (UC), which is the most widely used method to concentrate EVs, TFF is a more efficient, scalable, and gentler method. Comparative assessment of TFF and UC of conditioned cell culture media revealed that the former concentrates EVs of comparable physicochemical characteristics, but with higher yield, less single macromolecules and aggregates (<15 nm in size), and improved batch-to-batch consistency in half the processing time (1 h). The TFF protocol was then successfully implemented on fluids derived from patient lipoaspirate. EVs from adipose tissue are of high clinical relevance, as they are expected to mirror the regenerative properties of the parent cells. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (80th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
MDAMB231
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Tangential flow filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ CD63
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
MDAMB231
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell viability
95
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Other
Name other separation method
Tangential flow filtration
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, CD81
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
140-210
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
10000000000
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV180017 3/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
(d)(U)C
Filtration
UF
Beghein E 2018 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Beghein E, Devriese D, Van Hoey E, Gettemans J
Journal
J Cell Sci
Abstract
Cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are increasingly being recognized as genuine invasi (show more...)Cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are increasingly being recognized as genuine invasive structures as they contribute to many aspects of invasion and metastasis. Unfortunately, the mechanisms underlying EV biogenesis or release are still poorly understood. Recent reports however indicate a role of the actin cytoskeleton in this process. In this study, we have exploited thoroughly characterized camelid nanobodies against actin binding proteins cortactin and fascin-1, a branched actin regulator and actin bundler, respectively, in order to assess their roles in EV biogenesis or release. Using this strategy, we demonstrate a role of the cortactin NTA and SH3 domains in EV release. Fascin-1 also regulates EV release, independently of its actin-bundling activity. We show a contribution of these protein domains in endosomal trafficking, a crucial step in EV biogenesis, and we confirm that EVs are preferentially released at invadopodia, the latter being actin-rich invasive cell protrusions in which cortactin and fascin-1 perform essential roles. Accordingly, EVs are enriched with invadopodial proteins such as the matrix metalloproteinase MT1-MMP and exert gelatinolytic activity. Based on our findings, we report that both cortactin and fascin-1 play key roles in EV release by regulating endosomal trafficking or invadopodia formation and function. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (80th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
MDAMB231
Sample origin
Expressing cortactin nanobody (SH3 domain)
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
DG
(d)(U)C
Filtration
UF
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ CD9
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biogenesis/cargo sorting, Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Expressing cortactin nanobody (SH3 domain)
EV-producing cells
MDAMB231
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
0.05
Highest density fraction
0.4
Sample volume (mL)
0.5
Orientation
Top-down (sample migrates downwards)
Rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
11
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
255.8
Filtration steps
0.45µm > x > 0.22µm, 0.22µm or 0.2µm
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9, CD63
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
133
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
9.79E+09 particles/million cells
EV180017 4/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
(d)(U)C
Filtration
UF
Beghein E 2018 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Beghein E, Devriese D, Van Hoey E, Gettemans J
Journal
J Cell Sci
Abstract
Cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are increasingly being recognized as genuine invasi (show more...)Cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) are increasingly being recognized as genuine invasive structures as they contribute to many aspects of invasion and metastasis. Unfortunately, the mechanisms underlying EV biogenesis or release are still poorly understood. Recent reports however indicate a role of the actin cytoskeleton in this process. In this study, we have exploited thoroughly characterized camelid nanobodies against actin binding proteins cortactin and fascin-1, a branched actin regulator and actin bundler, respectively, in order to assess their roles in EV biogenesis or release. Using this strategy, we demonstrate a role of the cortactin NTA and SH3 domains in EV release. Fascin-1 also regulates EV release, independently of its actin-bundling activity. We show a contribution of these protein domains in endosomal trafficking, a crucial step in EV biogenesis, and we confirm that EVs are preferentially released at invadopodia, the latter being actin-rich invasive cell protrusions in which cortactin and fascin-1 perform essential roles. Accordingly, EVs are enriched with invadopodial proteins such as the matrix metalloproteinase MT1-MMP and exert gelatinolytic activity. Based on our findings, we report that both cortactin and fascin-1 play key roles in EV release by regulating endosomal trafficking or invadopodia formation and function. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (80th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
MDAMB231
Sample origin
Expressing gelsolin nanobody
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
DG
(d)(U)C
Filtration
UF
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ CD9
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biogenesis/cargo sorting, Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Expressing gelsolin nanobody
EV-producing cells
MDAMB231
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
0.05
Highest density fraction
0.4
Sample volume (mL)
0.5
Orientation
Top-down (sample migrates downwards)
Rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
11
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
255.8
Filtration steps
0.45µm > x > 0.22µm, 0.22µm or 0.2µm
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9, CD63
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
128
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
1.97E+09 particles/million cells
EV170014 4/4 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
Filtration
SEC
Dionysios C Watson 2018 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Dionysios C Watson, Bryant C Yung, Cristina Bergamaschi, Bhabadeb Chowdhury, Jenifer Bear, Dimitris Stellas, Aizea Morales-Kastresana, Jennifer C Jones, Barbara K Felber, Xiaoyuan Chen, George N Pavlakis
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
The development of extracellular vesicles (EV) for therapeutic applications is contingent upon the e (show more...)The development of extracellular vesicles (EV) for therapeutic applications is contingent upon the establishment of reproducible, scalable, and high-throughput methods for the production and purification of clinical grade EV. Methods including ultracentrifugation (U/C), ultrafiltration, immunoprecipitation, and size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) have been employed to isolate EV, each facing limitations such as efficiency, particle purity, lengthy processing time, and/or sample volume. We developed a cGMP-compatible method for the scalable production, concentration, and isolation of EV through a strategy involving bioreactor culture, tangential flow filtration (TFF), and preparative SEC. We applied this purification method for the isolation of engineered EV carrying multiple complexes of a novel human immunostimulatory cytokine-fusion protein, heterodimeric IL-15 (hetIL-15)/lactadherin. HEK293 cells stably expressing the fusion cytokine were cultured in a hollow-fibre bioreactor. Conditioned medium was collected and EV were isolated comparing three procedures: U/C, SEC, or TFF + SEC. SEC demonstrated comparable particle recovery, size distribution, and hetIL-15 density as U/C purification. Relative to U/C, SEC preparations achieved a 100-fold reduction in ferritin concentration, a major protein-complex contaminant. Comparative proteomics suggested that SEC additionally decreased the abundance of cytoplasmic proteins not associated with EV. Combination of TFF and SEC allowed for bulk processing of large starting volumes, and resulted in bioactive EV, without significant loss in particle yield or changes in size, morphology, and hetIL-15/lactadherin density. Taken together, the combination of bioreactor culture with TFF + SEC comprises a scalable, efficient method for the production of highly purified, bioactive EV carrying hetIL-15/lactadherin, which may be useful in targeted cancer immunotherapy approaches. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (80th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
HEK293
Sample origin
human hetIL-15 stably transfected,human hetIL-15/lactadherin stably transfected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Filtration
SEC
Protein markers
EV: hetIL-15/Lactadherin
non-EV: ferritin
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development, Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
human hetIL-15 stably transfected,human hetIL-15/lactadherin stably transfected
EV-producing cells
HEK293
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
24
Sample volume/column (mL)
0.5
Resin type
Superdex 200
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Flow cytometry specific beads
Selected surface protein(s)
CD63
Proteomics
Proteomics database
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
50-200
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
110000000000
EV210072 1/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Gong, Liangzhi 2018 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Liangzhi Gong, Qiyuan Bao, Chuanzhen Hu, Jun Wang, Qi Zhou, Li Wei, Lei Tong, Weibin Zhang, Yuhui Shen
Journal
Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Abstract
Exosomal microRNAs(miRNAs) transfer from tumor to stromal cells is reportedly associated with cancer (show more...)Exosomal microRNAs(miRNAs) transfer from tumor to stromal cells is reportedly associated with cancer progression and metastasis in various epithelial cancers. However, the role of exosomal miRNA in the metastasis of osteosarcoma(OS) -the most common bone malignancy-still largely remains unknown. In this study, we purified exosomes with a median size close to 100 nm from cell culture media as well as patient serum, and proved that exosomes derived from the metastatic, but not the non-metastatic OS cells increase the migration and invasion of non-malignant fibroblast cells (hFOB1.19) in vitro. Furthermore, the differential miRNA cargo between metastatic and non-metastatic OS is identified by small RNA sequencing and RT-PCR validation, we found a highly expression of exosomal, but not cellular miR-675 level in the metastatic OS cell-lines compared with non-metastatic counterparts. Meanwhile, we also found that exosomal miR-675 could down-regulate CALN1 expression in recipient cell, which may influence the invasion and migration of hFOB1.19. Finally, the up regulation serum exosomal miR-675 and down regulation of CALN1 in tumor specimen was also found to be associated with the metastatic phenotype in OS patients. Our findings indicate that the exosomal miR-675 is a gene associated with OS and serum exosomal miR-675 expression may serve as a novel biomarker for the metastasis of OS. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (75th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
HOS
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD81/ CD9
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
HOS
EV-harvesting Medium
Not specified
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
Not specified
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
Not specified
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
Not specified
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ Alix/ CD81
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
1-250
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV200189 1/2 Homo sapiens Cerebrospinal Fluid (d)(U)C
Sonication
Filtration
UF
Manek, Rachna 2018 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Rachna Manek, Ahmed Moghieb, Zhihui Yang, Dhwani Kumar, Firas Kobessiy, George Anis Sarkis, Vijaya Raghavan, Kevin K W Wang
Journal
Molecular Neurobiology
Abstract
Recently, there have been emerging interests in the area of microvesicles and exosome (MV/E) release (show more...)Recently, there have been emerging interests in the area of microvesicles and exosome (MV/E) released from brain cells in relation to neurodegenerative diseases. However, only limited studies focused on MV/E released post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) as they highlight on the mechanistic roles of released proteins. This study sought to examine if CSF samples from severe TBI patients contain MV/E with unique protein contents. First, nanoparticle tracking analysis determined MV/E from TBI have a mode of 74-98 nm in diameter, while control CSF MV/E have a mode of 99-104 nm. Also, there are more MV/E were isolated from TBI CSF (27.8-33.6 × 108/mL) than from control CSF (13.1-18.5 × 108/mL). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) visualization also confirmed characteristic MV/E morphology. Using targeted immunoblotting approach, we observed the presence of several known TBI biomarkers such as αII-spectrin breakdown products (BDPs), GFAP, and its BDPs and UCH-L1 in higher concentrations in MV/E from TBI CSF than their counterparts from control CSF. Furthermore, we found presynaptic terminal protein synaptophysin and known exosome marker Alix enriched in MV/E from human TBI CSF. In parallel, we conducted nRPLC-tandem mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis of two control and two TBI CSF samples. Ninety-one proteins were identified with high confidence in MV/E from control CSF, whereas 466 proteins were identified in the counterpart from TBI CSF. MV/E isolated from human CSF contain cytoskeletal proteins, neurite-outgrowth related proteins, and synaptic proteins, extracellular matrix proteins, and complement protein C1q subcomponent subunit B. Taken together, following severe TBI, the injured human brain released increased number of extracellular microvesicles/exosomes (MV/E) into CSF. These TBI MV/E contain several known TBI biomarkers and previously undescribed brain protein markers. It is also possible that such TBI-specific MV/E might contain cell to cell communication factors related to both cell death signaling a well as neurodegeneration pathways. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (80th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Sonication
Filtration
Ultrafiltration
Protein markers
EV: Spectrin/ UCH-L1/ Synaptophysin/ GFAP/ Alix
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Sample Condition
Control condition
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 55 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
3
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 55 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.45µm > x > 0.22µm,
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
Not spec
Membrane type
Not specified
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
No
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Spectrin/ Alix
Not detected EV-associated proteins
UCH-L1/ Synaptophysin/ GFAP
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Proteomics
Proteomics database
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mode
Reported size (nm)
99-104
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV200189 2/2 Homo sapiens Cerebrospinal Fluid (d)(U)C
Sonication
Filtration
UF
Manek, Rachna 2018 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Rachna Manek, Ahmed Moghieb, Zhihui Yang, Dhwani Kumar, Firas Kobessiy, George Anis Sarkis, Vijaya Raghavan, Kevin K W Wang
Journal
Molecular Neurobiology
Abstract
Recently, there have been emerging interests in the area of microvesicles and exosome (MV/E) release (show more...)Recently, there have been emerging interests in the area of microvesicles and exosome (MV/E) released from brain cells in relation to neurodegenerative diseases. However, only limited studies focused on MV/E released post-traumatic brain injury (TBI) as they highlight on the mechanistic roles of released proteins. This study sought to examine if CSF samples from severe TBI patients contain MV/E with unique protein contents. First, nanoparticle tracking analysis determined MV/E from TBI have a mode of 74-98 nm in diameter, while control CSF MV/E have a mode of 99-104 nm. Also, there are more MV/E were isolated from TBI CSF (27.8-33.6 × 108/mL) than from control CSF (13.1-18.5 × 108/mL). Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) visualization also confirmed characteristic MV/E morphology. Using targeted immunoblotting approach, we observed the presence of several known TBI biomarkers such as αII-spectrin breakdown products (BDPs), GFAP, and its BDPs and UCH-L1 in higher concentrations in MV/E from TBI CSF than their counterparts from control CSF. Furthermore, we found presynaptic terminal protein synaptophysin and known exosome marker Alix enriched in MV/E from human TBI CSF. In parallel, we conducted nRPLC-tandem mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis of two control and two TBI CSF samples. Ninety-one proteins were identified with high confidence in MV/E from control CSF, whereas 466 proteins were identified in the counterpart from TBI CSF. MV/E isolated from human CSF contain cytoskeletal proteins, neurite-outgrowth related proteins, and synaptic proteins, extracellular matrix proteins, and complement protein C1q subcomponent subunit B. Taken together, following severe TBI, the injured human brain released increased number of extracellular microvesicles/exosomes (MV/E) into CSF. These TBI MV/E contain several known TBI biomarkers and previously undescribed brain protein markers. It is also possible that such TBI-specific MV/E might contain cell to cell communication factors related to both cell death signaling a well as neurodegeneration pathways. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (80th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Sample origin
Traumatic brain injury
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Sonication
Filtration
Ultrafiltration
Protein markers
EV: Spectrin/ UCH-L1/ Synaptophysin/ GFAP/ Alix
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Sample Condition
Traumatic brain injury
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 55 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
3
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 55 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.45µm > x > 0.22µm,
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
Not spec
Membrane type
Not specified
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
No
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Spectrin/ UCH-L1/ Synaptophysin/ GFAP/ Alix
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Proteomics
Proteomics database
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mode
Reported size (nm)
74-98
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV200147 2/3 Homo sapiens Serum "Precipitation
(d)(U)C
DG
Filtration"
Shen, Li 2018 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Shen, Yujing Li, Ruotian Li, Zhenyu Diao, Muyi Yany, Mengfei Wu, Haixiang Sun, Guijun Yan, Yali Hu
Journal
Int J Mol Med
Abstract
Preeclampsia (PE) is considered to be initiated by abnormal placentation in early pregnancy and resu (show more...)Preeclampsia (PE) is considered to be initiated by abnormal placentation in early pregnancy and results in systemic endothelial cell dysfunction in the second or third trimester. MicroRNAs (miRs) expressed in the human placenta can be secreted into maternal circulation via exosomes, which are secreted extracellular vesicles that serve important roles in intercellular communication. The present study hypothesized that upregulation of placenta‑associated serum exosomal miR‑155 from patients with PE may suppress endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in endothelial cells. The results demonstrated that placenta‑associated serum exosomes from patients with PE decreased nitric oxide (NO) production and eNOS expression in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Subsequently, an upregulation of placenta‑associated serum exosomal miR‑155 was detected in patients with PE compared with in gestational age‑matched normal pregnant women. In addition, the results demonstrated that overexpression of exosomal miR‑155 from BeWo cells was internalized into HUVECs, and was able to suppress eNOS expression by targeting its 3'‑untranslated region. The results of the present study indicated that placenta‑associated serum exosomes may inhibit eNOS expression in endothelial cell during PE development in humans, and this phenomenon may be partly due to increased miR‑155 expression in placenta‑associated serum exosomes. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (89th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Healthy pregnant
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
"Precipitation
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Density gradient
Filtration"
Protein markers
EV: "CD81/ PLAP/ CD63"
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.09
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Healthy pregnant
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Density gradient
Density medium
Sucrose
Type
Not specified
Number of initial discontinuous layers
Not specified
Lowest density fraction
Not specified
Highest density fraction
Not specified
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
Not specified
Sample volume (mL)
Not spec
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
Not specified
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
300
Fraction volume (mL)
Not specified
Fraction processing
Precipitation of all proteins/vesicles
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
"CD63/ PLAP/ CD81"
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
73.74
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up
EV180026 7/7 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
Filtration
Wenzhe Li 2018 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Wenzhe Li, Bin Shao, Changliang Liu, Huayi Wang, Wangshu Zheng, Weiyao Kong, Xiaoran Liu, Guobin Xu, Chen Wang, Huiping Li, Ling Zhu, Yanlian Yang
Journal
Small methods
Abstract
Blood‐based detection and molecular phenotyping are highly desired for the early diagnosis and dyn (show more...)Blood‐based detection and molecular phenotyping are highly desired for the early diagnosis and dynamic monitoring of cancer. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) carry molecular information from the cells of origin and are biomarkers of cancer. However, the detection and molecular analysis of EVs has been challenging due to their nanoscaled size. Here, an assessment of the detection and molecular phenotyping of serum EVs based on microbead‐assisted flow cytometry is established. The clinical utility of this method is validated in the diagnosis and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) phenotyping of breast cancer. Good correlation between the status of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and HER2 expression in EVs and in the cells of origin is found. Both EpCAM+ and HER2+ EVs are demonstrated to be effective diagnostic markers of breast cancer with high sensitivity and specificity. EV‐based HER2 phenotyping is consistent with tissue‐based HER2 phenotyping by immunohistochemistry and can be used as a surrogate for the invasive tissue assessments. The microbead‐assisted flow cytometry assessment of EVs enables rapid and noninvasive detection and molecular phenotyping of cancer and would help to personalized treatment and cancer survival. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (75th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
MCF7
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Filtration
Adj. k-factor
156.9 (pelleting) / 156.9 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ Flotillin-1/ CD63/ EpCAM
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function, Biomarker, New methodological development
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
MCF7
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 70 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
156.9
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 70 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
156.9
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, CD81, Flotillin-1, EpCAM
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
141.5 ± 15.04
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
146.2 ± 60.2
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up
EV concentration
Yes
EV180083 2/2 Mus musculus Cell culture supernatant DG
(d)(U)C
ExoQuick
Faict S 2018 43%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Faict S, Muller J, De Veirman K, De Bruyne E, Maes K, Vrancken L, Heusschen R, De Raeve H, Schots R, Vanderkerken K, Caers J, Menu E.
Journal
blood cancer j
Abstract
Progression of multiple myeloma (MM) is largely dependent on the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment w (show more...)Progression of multiple myeloma (MM) is largely dependent on the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment wherein communication through different factors including extracellular vesicles takes place. This cross-talk not only leads to drug resistance but also to the development of osteolysis. Targeting vesicle secretion could therefore simultaneously ameliorate drug response and bone disease. In this paper, we examined the effects of MM exosomes on different aspects of osteolysis using the 5TGM1 murine model. We found that 5TGM1 sEVs, or 'exosomes', not only enhanced osteoclast activity, they also blocked osteoblast differentiation and functionality in vitro. Mechanistically, we could demonstrate that transfer of DKK-1 led to a reduction in Runx2, Osterix, and Collagen 1A1 in osteoblasts. In vivo, we uncovered that 5TGM1 exosomes could induce osteolysis in a similar pattern as the MM cells themselves. Blocking exosome secretion using the sphingomyelinase inhibitor GW4869 not only increased cortical bone volume, but also it sensitized the myeloma cells to bortezomib, leading to a strong anti-tumor response when GW4869 and bortezomib were combined. Altogether, our results indicate an important role for exosomes in the BM microenvironment and suggest a novel therapeutic target for anti-myeloma therapy. (hide)
EV-METRIC
43% (70th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
5T33MMvt
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
DG
(d)(U)C
ExoQuick
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.08
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
5T33MMvt
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Density gradient
Only used for validation of main results
Yes
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
5
Lowest density fraction
5%
Highest density fraction
40%
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
12
Sample volume (mL)
0.5
Orientation
Bottom-up
Rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
10800
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
10
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Commercial kit
ExoQuick
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Not detected EV-associated proteins
Detected contaminants
Not detected contaminants
EM
EM-type
EV concentration
EV180059 2/6 Gut microbiota Blood plasma DG
SEC
Tulkens J 2018 42%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Tulkens J, Vergauwen G, Van Deun J, Geeurickx E, Dhondt B, Lippens L, De Scheerder MA, Miinalainen I, Rappu P, De Geest BG, Vandecasteele K, Laukens D, Vandekerckhove L, Denys H, Vandesompele J, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Gut
Abstract
(show more...) (hide)
EV-METRIC
42% (76th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
LPS-positive bacterial EV
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
DG
SEC
Protein markers
EV: LPS/ OmpA
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.141-1.186
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Gut microbiota
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Control condition
Separation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16,5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Size-exclusion chromatography
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Proteomics
Proteomics database
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
LPS
EV180059 3/6 Gut microbiota Blood plasma SEC Tulkens J 2018 42%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Tulkens J, Vergauwen G, Van Deun J, Geeurickx E, Dhondt B, Lippens L, De Scheerder MA, Miinalainen I, Rappu P, De Geest BG, Vandecasteele K, Laukens D, Vandekerckhove L, Denys H, Vandesompele J, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Gut
Abstract
(show more...) (hide)
EV-METRIC
42% (76th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Inflammatory bowel disease
Focus vesicles
LPS-positive bacterial EV
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
SEC
Protein markers
EV: LPS/ OmpA
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Gut microbiota
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Inflammatory bowel disease
Separation Method
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Proteomics
Proteomics database
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
LPS
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Immuno-EM
Proteïns
LPS
Image type
Close-up
EV180059 5/6 Gut microbiota Blood plasma SEC Tulkens J 2018 42%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Tulkens J, Vergauwen G, Van Deun J, Geeurickx E, Dhondt B, Lippens L, De Scheerder MA, Miinalainen I, Rappu P, De Geest BG, Vandecasteele K, Laukens D, Vandekerckhove L, Denys H, Vandesompele J, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Gut
Abstract
(show more...) (hide)
EV-METRIC
42% (76th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Therapy-induced intestinal mucositis
Focus vesicles
LPS-positive bacterial EV
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
SEC
Protein markers
EV: LPS/ OmpA
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Gut microbiota
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Therapy-induced intestinal mucositis
Separation Method
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Proteomics
Proteomics database
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
LPS
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Immuno-EM
Proteïns
E. coli LPS
Image type
Close-up
EV200128 1/2 Homo sapiens Serum (d)(U)C
ExoQuick
Jia, Linyan 2018 38%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Linyan Jia, Xinyao Zhou, Xiaojie Huang, Xianghong Xu, Yuanhui Jia, Yingting Wu, Julei Yao, Yanming Wu, Kai Wang
Journal
FASEB J
Abstract
We investigated the role of exosomes derived from maternal and umbilical cord blood in the regulatio (show more...)We investigated the role of exosomes derived from maternal and umbilical cord blood in the regulation of angiogenesis. We report here that both maternal exosomes (MEs) and umbilical exosomes (UEs) significantly enhance HUVEC proliferation, migration, and tube formation. Importantly, ME-treated HUVECs (MEXs) displayed significantly increased migration, but not proliferation or tube formation, compared with UE-treated HUVECs (UEXs). We found that the expression of a subset of migration-related microRNAs (miRNAs), including miR-210-3p, miR-376c-3p, miR-151a-5p, miR-296-5p, miR-122-5p, and miR-550a-5p, among others, were significantly increased or decreased in UEs, and this altered expression was likely correlated with the differential regulation of HUVEC migration. We also found that the mRNA expression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was up-regulated in MEXs and UEXs and, moreover, that inhibiting HGF partially abolished the enhanced cell migration induced by UEs. Our results suggest that both MEs and UEs greatly enhanced endothelial cell (EC) functions and differentially regulated EC migration, which was mostly attributed to the different expression profiles of exosomal miRNA. These findings highlight the importance of exosomes in the regulation of angiogenesis during pregnancy. Exosomal miRNAs, in particular, may be of great significance for the regulation of angiogenesis in maintaining normal pregnancy. (hide)
EV-METRIC
38% (86th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Healthy pregnant
Focus vesicles
Exosomes
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
ExoQuick
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ HSP70/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Healthy pregnant
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Commercial kit
ExoQuick
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ HSP70/ CD81
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
50-300
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
Report size (nm)
30-150
EV200128 2/2 Homo sapiens Serum (d)(U)C
ExoQuick
Jia, Linyan 2018 38%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Linyan Jia, Xinyao Zhou, Xiaojie Huang, Xianghong Xu, Yuanhui Jia, Yingting Wu, Julei Yao, Yanming Wu, Kai Wang
Journal
FASEB J
Abstract
We investigated the role of exosomes derived from maternal and umbilical cord blood in the regulatio (show more...)We investigated the role of exosomes derived from maternal and umbilical cord blood in the regulation of angiogenesis. We report here that both maternal exosomes (MEs) and umbilical exosomes (UEs) significantly enhance HUVEC proliferation, migration, and tube formation. Importantly, ME-treated HUVECs (MEXs) displayed significantly increased migration, but not proliferation or tube formation, compared with UE-treated HUVECs (UEXs). We found that the expression of a subset of migration-related microRNAs (miRNAs), including miR-210-3p, miR-376c-3p, miR-151a-5p, miR-296-5p, miR-122-5p, and miR-550a-5p, among others, were significantly increased or decreased in UEs, and this altered expression was likely correlated with the differential regulation of HUVEC migration. We also found that the mRNA expression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was up-regulated in MEXs and UEXs and, moreover, that inhibiting HGF partially abolished the enhanced cell migration induced by UEs. Our results suggest that both MEs and UEs greatly enhanced endothelial cell (EC) functions and differentially regulated EC migration, which was mostly attributed to the different expression profiles of exosomal miRNA. These findings highlight the importance of exosomes in the regulation of angiogenesis during pregnancy. Exosomal miRNAs, in particular, may be of great significance for the regulation of angiogenesis in maintaining normal pregnancy. (hide)
EV-METRIC
38% (86th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Healthy pregnant; Umbilical cord blood
Focus vesicles
Exosomes
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
ExoQuick
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ HSP70/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Healthy pregnant; Umbilical cord blood
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Commercial kit
ExoQuick
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ HSP70/ CD81
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
50-300
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
Report size (nm)
30-150
EV180004 1/1 Homo sapiens Blood plasma (d)(U)C
qEV
Picciolini S 2018 37%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Picciolini S, Gualerzi A, Vanna R, Sguassero A, Gramatica F, Bedoni M, Masserini M, Morasso C
Journal
Anal Chem
Abstract
The use of exosomes for diagnostic and disease monitoring purposes is becoming particularly appealin (show more...)The use of exosomes for diagnostic and disease monitoring purposes is becoming particularly appealing in biomedical research because of the possibility to study directly in biological fluids some of the features related to the organs from which exosomes originate. A paradigmatic example are brain-derived exosomes that can be found in plasma and used as a direct read-out of the status of the central nervous system (CNS). Inspired by recent remarkable development of plasmonic biosensors, we have designed a surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) assay that, taking advantage of the fact that exosome size perfectly fits within the surface plasmon wave depth, allows the detection of multiple exosome subpopulations of neural origin directly in blood. By use of an array of antibodies, exosomes derived from neurons and oligodendrocytes were isolated and detected with good sensitivity. Subsequently, by injecting a second antibody on the immobilized vesicles, we were able to quantify the amount of CD81 and GM1, membrane components of exosomes, on each subpopulation. In this way, we have been able to demonstrate that they are not homogeneously expressed but exhibit a variable abundance according to the exosome cellular origin. These results confirm the extreme variability of exosome composition and demonstrate how SPRi can provide an effective tool for their characterization. Besides, our work paves the road toward more precise clinical studies on the use of exosomes as potential biomarkers of neurodegenerative diseases. (hide)
EV-METRIC
37% (73rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
qEV
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ ephrinB/ CD171/ PLP1/ Flotillin-1/ CD9
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Control condition
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Commercial kit
qEV
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Protein Concentration
59.77
Western Blot
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD81, Flotillin-1
Other 1
Surface plasmon resonance imaging
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
150
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
1500000000
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV170014 3/4 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
Filtration
SEC
Dionysios C Watson 2018 37%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Dionysios C Watson, Bryant C Yung, Cristina Bergamaschi, Bhabadeb Chowdhury, Jenifer Bear, Dimitris Stellas, Aizea Morales-Kastresana, Jennifer C Jones, Barbara K Felber, Xiaoyuan Chen, George N Pavlakis
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
The development of extracellular vesicles (EV) for therapeutic applications is contingent upon the e (show more...)The development of extracellular vesicles (EV) for therapeutic applications is contingent upon the establishment of reproducible, scalable, and high-throughput methods for the production and purification of clinical grade EV. Methods including ultracentrifugation (U/C), ultrafiltration, immunoprecipitation, and size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) have been employed to isolate EV, each facing limitations such as efficiency, particle purity, lengthy processing time, and/or sample volume. We developed a cGMP-compatible method for the scalable production, concentration, and isolation of EV through a strategy involving bioreactor culture, tangential flow filtration (TFF), and preparative SEC. We applied this purification method for the isolation of engineered EV carrying multiple complexes of a novel human immunostimulatory cytokine-fusion protein, heterodimeric IL-15 (hetIL-15)/lactadherin. HEK293 cells stably expressing the fusion cytokine were cultured in a hollow-fibre bioreactor. Conditioned medium was collected and EV were isolated comparing three procedures: U/C, SEC, or TFF + SEC. SEC demonstrated comparable particle recovery, size distribution, and hetIL-15 density as U/C purification. Relative to U/C, SEC preparations achieved a 100-fold reduction in ferritin concentration, a major protein-complex contaminant. Comparative proteomics suggested that SEC additionally decreased the abundance of cytoplasmic proteins not associated with EV. Combination of TFF and SEC allowed for bulk processing of large starting volumes, and resulted in bioactive EV, without significant loss in particle yield or changes in size, morphology, and hetIL-15/lactadherin density. Taken together, the combination of bioreactor culture with TFF + SEC comprises a scalable, efficient method for the production of highly purified, bioactive EV carrying hetIL-15/lactadherin, which may be useful in targeted cancer immunotherapy approaches. (hide)
EV-METRIC
37% (66th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
HEK293
Sample origin
human hetIL-15 stably transfected,human hetIL-15/lactadherin stably transfected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Filtration
SEC
Protein markers
EV: hetIL-15/Lactadherin
non-EV: ferritin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development, Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
human hetIL-15 stably transfected,human hetIL-15/lactadherin stably transfected
EV-producing cells
HEK293
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
120
Sample volume/column (mL)
5
Resin type
Superdex 200
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
50-200
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
240000000000
EV210027 1/2 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
Filtration
Han, Yu-di 2018 34%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Yu-di Han, Yun Bai, Xin-Long Yan, Jing Ren, Quan Zeng, Xiao-Dong Li, Xue-Tao Pei, Yan Han
Journal
Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Abstract
Background: Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs)-derived exosomes (ADSC-Exos) account for the proan (show more...)Background: Adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs)-derived exosomes (ADSC-Exos) account for the proangiogenic potential of stem cell. This study aimed to investigate the effect of ADSC-derived exosomes (ADSC-Exos) on the survival in fat grafting. Methods: A nude mouse model of subcutaneous fat grafting was adopted. Hypoxic preconditioned ADSC-Exos and ADSC-Exos were injected around the grafted tissue. The fat graft sample was weighed and examined by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemistry. Laser Doppler flowmetry and CD31 immunofluorescence staining were used to analyze neovascularization. Results: ADSC-Exo and hypoxic ADSC-Exo groups had a significantly higher weight of fat graft and more perilipin-positive adipocytes than the control groups from 2 to 8 weeks after grafting, and the hypoxic ADSC-Exo group had better outcomes (all P < 0.05). H&E staining showed that ADSC-Exos attenuated infiltration of inflammatory cells around the fat grafts. Laser Doppler flowmetry showed that the two ADSC-Exo groups had better blood perfusion in the graft tissue than the control groups (all P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence demonstrated that the hypoxic ADSC-Exo group had significantly more CD31-positive cells than the ADSC-Exo group. In vitro study showed that hypoxic ADSC-Exos treatment significantly increased the migration (at 12 and 24 h) and in vitro capillary network formation (at 12 h) in the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) as compared with the ADSC-Exo group and control group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: Co-transplantation of ADSC-Exos can effectively promote the survival of graft, neovascularization and attenuated inflammation in the fat grafts. Hypoxia treatment can further enhance the beneficial effect of ADSC-Exos. (hide)
EV-METRIC
34% (66th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
Primary adipose-derived stem cells
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
Primary adipose-derived stem cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
60
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
110000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
not specified
Wash: time (min)
60
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 45 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
110000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ TSG101
Flow cytometry specific beads
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ TSG101
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
98
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
No NA
EM
EM-type
Transmission electron microscopy
Image type
Wide-field
EV200136 1/7 Homo sapiens Blood plasma DG
(d)(U)C
Filtration
Miranda, Jezid 2018 34%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Jezid Miranda, Cristina Paules, Soumyalekshmi Nair, Andrew Lai, Carlos Palma, Katherin Scholz-Romero, Gregory E. Rice, Eduard Gratacos, Fatima Crispi, Carlos Salomon
Journal
Placenta
Abstract
Introduction: Placenta-derived exosomes may represent an additional pathway by which the placenta co (show more...)Introduction: Placenta-derived exosomes may represent an additional pathway by which the placenta communicates with the maternal system to induce maternal vascular adaptations to pregnancy and it may be affected during Fetal growth restriction (FGR). The objective of this study was to quantify the concentration of total and placenta-derived exosomes in maternal and fetal circulation in small fetuses classified as FGR or small for gestational age (SGA). Methods: Prospective cohort study in singleton term gestations including 10 normally grown fetuses and 20 small fetuses, sub-classified into SGA and FGR accordingly to birth weight (BW) percentile and fetoplacental Doppler. Exosomes were isolated from maternal and fetal plasma and characterized by morphology, enrichment of exosomal proteins, and size distribution by electron microscopy, western blot, and nanoparticle tracking analysis, respectively. Total and specific placenta-derived exosomes were determined using quantum dots coupled with CD63þve and placental-type alkaline phosphatase (PLAP)þve antibodies, respectively. Results: Maternal concentrations of CD63þve and PLAPþve exosomes were similar between the groups (all p > 0.05). However, there was a significant positive correlation between the ratio of placental-derived to total exosomes (PLAPþve ratio) and BW percentile, [rho ¼ 0.77 (95% CI: 0.57 to 0.89); p ¼ 0.0001]. The contribution of placental exosomes to the total exosome concentration in maternal and fetal circulation showed a significant decrease among cases, with lower PLAPþve ratios in FGR compared to controls and SGA cases. Discussion: Quantification of placental exosomes in maternal plasma reflects fetal growth and it may be a useful indicator of placental function. (hide)
EV-METRIC
34% (71st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Not pregnant
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
Density gradient
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Protein markers
EV: PLAP
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.12-1.188g/ml
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Not pregnant
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
T-8100
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
10
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
T-8100
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5%
Highest density fraction
40%
Sample volume (mL)
0.5mL
Orientation
Bottom-up
Rotor type
T-8100
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1200
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
0.05
Pelleting: duration (min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
T-8100
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
ELISA
Detected EV-associated proteins
PLAP
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
EV210072 2/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Gong, Liangzhi 2018 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Liangzhi Gong, Qiyuan Bao, Chuanzhen Hu, Jun Wang, Qi Zhou, Li Wei, Lei Tong, Weibin Zhang, Yuhui Shen
Journal
Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Abstract
Exosomal microRNAs(miRNAs) transfer from tumor to stromal cells is reportedly associated with cancer (show more...)Exosomal microRNAs(miRNAs) transfer from tumor to stromal cells is reportedly associated with cancer progression and metastasis in various epithelial cancers. However, the role of exosomal miRNA in the metastasis of osteosarcoma(OS) -the most common bone malignancy-still largely remains unknown. In this study, we purified exosomes with a median size close to 100 nm from cell culture media as well as patient serum, and proved that exosomes derived from the metastatic, but not the non-metastatic OS cells increase the migration and invasion of non-malignant fibroblast cells (hFOB1.19) in vitro. Furthermore, the differential miRNA cargo between metastatic and non-metastatic OS is identified by small RNA sequencing and RT-PCR validation, we found a highly expression of exosomal, but not cellular miR-675 level in the metastatic OS cell-lines compared with non-metastatic counterparts. Meanwhile, we also found that exosomal miR-675 could down-regulate CALN1 expression in recipient cell, which may influence the invasion and migration of hFOB1.19. Finally, the up regulation serum exosomal miR-675 and down regulation of CALN1 in tumor specimen was also found to be associated with the metastatic phenotype in OS patients. Our findings indicate that the exosomal miR-675 is a gene associated with OS and serum exosomal miR-675 expression may serve as a novel biomarker for the metastasis of OS. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (61st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
Well5
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD81/ CD9
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
Well5
EV-harvesting Medium
Not specified
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
Not specified
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
Not specified
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
Not specified
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ Alix/ CD81
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
1-300
EV210072 3/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Gong, Liangzhi 2018 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Liangzhi Gong, Qiyuan Bao, Chuanzhen Hu, Jun Wang, Qi Zhou, Li Wei, Lei Tong, Weibin Zhang, Yuhui Shen
Journal
Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Abstract
Exosomal microRNAs(miRNAs) transfer from tumor to stromal cells is reportedly associated with cancer (show more...)Exosomal microRNAs(miRNAs) transfer from tumor to stromal cells is reportedly associated with cancer progression and metastasis in various epithelial cancers. However, the role of exosomal miRNA in the metastasis of osteosarcoma(OS) -the most common bone malignancy-still largely remains unknown. In this study, we purified exosomes with a median size close to 100 nm from cell culture media as well as patient serum, and proved that exosomes derived from the metastatic, but not the non-metastatic OS cells increase the migration and invasion of non-malignant fibroblast cells (hFOB1.19) in vitro. Furthermore, the differential miRNA cargo between metastatic and non-metastatic OS is identified by small RNA sequencing and RT-PCR validation, we found a highly expression of exosomal, but not cellular miR-675 level in the metastatic OS cell-lines compared with non-metastatic counterparts. Meanwhile, we also found that exosomal miR-675 could down-regulate CALN1 expression in recipient cell, which may influence the invasion and migration of hFOB1.19. Finally, the up regulation serum exosomal miR-675 and down regulation of CALN1 in tumor specimen was also found to be associated with the metastatic phenotype in OS patients. Our findings indicate that the exosomal miR-675 is a gene associated with OS and serum exosomal miR-675 expression may serve as a novel biomarker for the metastasis of OS. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (61st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
143B
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD81/ CD9
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
143B
EV-harvesting Medium
Not specified
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
Not specified
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
Not specified
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
Not specified
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD9/ CD81
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
1-250
EV210072 4/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Gong, Liangzhi 2018 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Liangzhi Gong, Qiyuan Bao, Chuanzhen Hu, Jun Wang, Qi Zhou, Li Wei, Lei Tong, Weibin Zhang, Yuhui Shen
Journal
Biochem Biophys Res Commun
Abstract
Exosomal microRNAs(miRNAs) transfer from tumor to stromal cells is reportedly associated with cancer (show more...)Exosomal microRNAs(miRNAs) transfer from tumor to stromal cells is reportedly associated with cancer progression and metastasis in various epithelial cancers. However, the role of exosomal miRNA in the metastasis of osteosarcoma(OS) -the most common bone malignancy-still largely remains unknown. In this study, we purified exosomes with a median size close to 100 nm from cell culture media as well as patient serum, and proved that exosomes derived from the metastatic, but not the non-metastatic OS cells increase the migration and invasion of non-malignant fibroblast cells (hFOB1.19) in vitro. Furthermore, the differential miRNA cargo between metastatic and non-metastatic OS is identified by small RNA sequencing and RT-PCR validation, we found a highly expression of exosomal, but not cellular miR-675 level in the metastatic OS cell-lines compared with non-metastatic counterparts. Meanwhile, we also found that exosomal miR-675 could down-regulate CALN1 expression in recipient cell, which may influence the invasion and migration of hFOB1.19. Finally, the up regulation serum exosomal miR-675 and down regulation of CALN1 in tumor specimen was also found to be associated with the metastatic phenotype in OS patients. Our findings indicate that the exosomal miR-675 is a gene associated with OS and serum exosomal miR-675 expression may serve as a novel biomarker for the metastasis of OS. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (61st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
MG63
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD81/ CD9
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
MG63
EV-harvesting Medium
Not specified
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
Not specified
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
Not specified
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
Not specified
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ Alix/ CD81
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
1-200
EV200147 1/3 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Shen, Li 2018 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Shen, Yujing Li, Ruotian Li, Zhenyu Diao, Muyi Yany, Mengfei Wu, Haixiang Sun, Guijun Yan, Yali Hu
Journal
Int J Mol Med
Abstract
Preeclampsia (PE) is considered to be initiated by abnormal placentation in early pregnancy and resu (show more...)Preeclampsia (PE) is considered to be initiated by abnormal placentation in early pregnancy and results in systemic endothelial cell dysfunction in the second or third trimester. MicroRNAs (miRs) expressed in the human placenta can be secreted into maternal circulation via exosomes, which are secreted extracellular vesicles that serve important roles in intercellular communication. The present study hypothesized that upregulation of placenta‑associated serum exosomal miR‑155 from patients with PE may suppress endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in endothelial cells. The results demonstrated that placenta‑associated serum exosomes from patients with PE decreased nitric oxide (NO) production and eNOS expression in primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Subsequently, an upregulation of placenta‑associated serum exosomal miR‑155 was detected in patients with PE compared with in gestational age‑matched normal pregnant women. In addition, the results demonstrated that overexpression of exosomal miR‑155 from BeWo cells was internalized into HUVECs, and was able to suppress eNOS expression by targeting its 3'‑untranslated region. The results of the present study indicated that placenta‑associated serum exosomes may inhibit eNOS expression in endothelial cell during PE development in humans, and this phenomenon may be partly due to increased miR‑155 expression in placenta‑associated serum exosomes. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (61st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
BeWo
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: "CD81/ PLAP/ CD63"
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
BeWo
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Not specified
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
Not specified
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
Not specified
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
"CD63/ PLAP/ CD81"
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Report type
Not Reported
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up
EV180026 2/7 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
Filtration
Wenzhe Li 2018 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Wenzhe Li, Bin Shao, Changliang Liu, Huayi Wang, Wangshu Zheng, Weiyao Kong, Xiaoran Liu, Guobin Xu, Chen Wang, Huiping Li, Ling Zhu, Yanlian Yang
Journal
Small methods
Abstract
Blood‐based detection and molecular phenotyping are highly desired for the early diagnosis and dyn (show more...)Blood‐based detection and molecular phenotyping are highly desired for the early diagnosis and dynamic monitoring of cancer. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) carry molecular information from the cells of origin and are biomarkers of cancer. However, the detection and molecular analysis of EVs has been challenging due to their nanoscaled size. Here, an assessment of the detection and molecular phenotyping of serum EVs based on microbead‐assisted flow cytometry is established. The clinical utility of this method is validated in the diagnosis and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) phenotyping of breast cancer. Good correlation between the status of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and HER2 expression in EVs and in the cells of origin is found. Both EpCAM+ and HER2+ EVs are demonstrated to be effective diagnostic markers of breast cancer with high sensitivity and specificity. EV‐based HER2 phenotyping is consistent with tissue‐based HER2 phenotyping by immunohistochemistry and can be used as a surrogate for the invasive tissue assessments. The microbead‐assisted flow cytometry assessment of EVs enables rapid and noninvasive detection and molecular phenotyping of cancer and would help to personalized treatment and cancer survival. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (61st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
MCF10A
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Filtration
Adj. k-factor
156.9 (pelleting) / 156.9 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ Flotillin-1/ CD63
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function, Biomarker, New methodological development
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
MCF10A
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 70 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
156.9
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 70 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
156.9
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, CD81, Flotillin-1
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
EV180026 4/7 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
Filtration
Wenzhe Li 2018 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Wenzhe Li, Bin Shao, Changliang Liu, Huayi Wang, Wangshu Zheng, Weiyao Kong, Xiaoran Liu, Guobin Xu, Chen Wang, Huiping Li, Ling Zhu, Yanlian Yang
Journal
Small methods
Abstract
Blood‐based detection and molecular phenotyping are highly desired for the early diagnosis and dyn (show more...)Blood‐based detection and molecular phenotyping are highly desired for the early diagnosis and dynamic monitoring of cancer. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) carry molecular information from the cells of origin and are biomarkers of cancer. However, the detection and molecular analysis of EVs has been challenging due to their nanoscaled size. Here, an assessment of the detection and molecular phenotyping of serum EVs based on microbead‐assisted flow cytometry is established. The clinical utility of this method is validated in the diagnosis and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) phenotyping of breast cancer. Good correlation between the status of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and HER2 expression in EVs and in the cells of origin is found. Both EpCAM+ and HER2+ EVs are demonstrated to be effective diagnostic markers of breast cancer with high sensitivity and specificity. EV‐based HER2 phenotyping is consistent with tissue‐based HER2 phenotyping by immunohistochemistry and can be used as a surrogate for the invasive tissue assessments. The microbead‐assisted flow cytometry assessment of EVs enables rapid and noninvasive detection and molecular phenotyping of cancer and would help to personalized treatment and cancer survival. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (61st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
MDAMB468
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Filtration
Adj. k-factor
156.9 (pelleting) / 156.9 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ Flotillin-1/ CD63/ EpCAM
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function, Biomarker, New methodological development
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
MDAMB468
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 70 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
156.9
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 70 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
156.9
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, CD81, Flotillin-1, EpCAM
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
EV180026 6/7 Homo sapiens Serum (d)(U)C
Filtration
Wenzhe Li 2018 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Wenzhe Li, Bin Shao, Changliang Liu, Huayi Wang, Wangshu Zheng, Weiyao Kong, Xiaoran Liu, Guobin Xu, Chen Wang, Huiping Li, Ling Zhu, Yanlian Yang
Journal
Small methods
Abstract
Blood‐based detection and molecular phenotyping are highly desired for the early diagnosis and dyn (show more...)Blood‐based detection and molecular phenotyping are highly desired for the early diagnosis and dynamic monitoring of cancer. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) carry molecular information from the cells of origin and are biomarkers of cancer. However, the detection and molecular analysis of EVs has been challenging due to their nanoscaled size. Here, an assessment of the detection and molecular phenotyping of serum EVs based on microbead‐assisted flow cytometry is established. The clinical utility of this method is validated in the diagnosis and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) phenotyping of breast cancer. Good correlation between the status of epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) and HER2 expression in EVs and in the cells of origin is found. Both EpCAM+ and HER2+ EVs are demonstrated to be effective diagnostic markers of breast cancer with high sensitivity and specificity. EV‐based HER2 phenotyping is consistent with tissue‐based HER2 phenotyping by immunohistochemistry and can be used as a surrogate for the invasive tissue assessments. The microbead‐assisted flow cytometry assessment of EVs enables rapid and noninvasive detection and molecular phenotyping of cancer and would help to personalized treatment and cancer survival. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (78th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Filtration
Adj. k-factor
104.6 (pelleting) / 104.6 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ Flotillin-1/ CD63/ EpCAM
non-EV: Albumin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function, Biomarker, New methodological development
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Control condition
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
1200
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 70 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
150000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
104.6
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 70 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
150000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
104.6
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, CD81, Flotillin-1
Not detected contaminants
Albumin
EV180030 2/7 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
qEV
Zhaohao Liao 2018 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Zhaohao Liao, Lorena Martin Jaular ORCID Icon, Estelle Soueidi, Mabel Jouve, Dillon C. Muth, Tine H. Schøyen, Tessa Seale, Norman J. Haughey, Matias Ostrowski, Clotilde Théry ORCID Icon & Kenneth W. Witwer
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity is found in abundance in reticulocytes and neurons and was deve (show more...)Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity is found in abundance in reticulocytes and neurons and was developed as a marker of reticulocyte EVs in the 1970s. Easily, quickly, and cheaply assayed, AChE activity has more recently been proposed as a generic marker for small extracellular vesicles (sEV) or exosomes, and as a negative marker of HIV-1 virions. To evaluate these proposed uses of AChE activity, we examined data from different EV and virus isolation methods using T-lymphocytic (H9, PM1 and Jurkat) and promonocytic (U937) cell lines grown in culture conditions that differed by serum content. When EVs were isolated by differential ultracentrifugation, no correlation between AChE activity and particle count was observed. AChE activity was detected in non-conditioned medium when serum was added, and most of this activity resided in soluble fractions and could not be pelleted by centrifugation. The serum-derived pelletable AChE protein was not completely eliminated from culture medium by overnight ultracentrifugation; however, a serum “extra-depletion” protocol, in which a portion of the supernatant was left undisturbed during harvesting, achieved near-complete depletion. In conditioned medium also, only small percentages of AChE activity could be pelleted together with particles. Furthermore, no consistent enrichment of AChE activity in sEV fractions was observed. Little if any AChE activity is produced by the cells we examined, and this activity was mainly present in non-vesicular structures, as shown by electron microscopy. Size-exclusion chromatography and iodixanol gradient separation showed that AChE activity overlaps only minimally with EV-enriched fractions. AChE activity likely betrays exposure to blood products and not EV abundance, echoing the MISEV 2014 and 2018 guidelines and other publications. Additional experiments may be merited to validate these results for other cell types and biological fluids other than blood. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (61st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
H9
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
qEV
Protein markers
EV: / CD81/ CD63
non-EV: AChE
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
H9
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 50,000 g and 100,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
90
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
50
Wash: time (min)
90
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 45 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Commercial kit
qEV
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63/ CD81
Other 1
Acetylcholinesterase assay
Detected EV-associated proteins
Detected contaminants
AChE
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
EV200135 1/4 Homo sapiens Blood plasma (d)(U)C Kovács, Árpád Ferenc 2018 29%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Árpád Ferenc Kovács, Orsolya Láng, Lilla Turiák, András Ács, László Kőhidai, Nóra Fekete, Bálint Alasztics, Tamás Mészáros, Edit Irén Buzás, János Rigó Jr., Éva Pállinger
Journal
Sci Rep
Abstract
Intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their target cells, especially immu (show more...)Intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their target cells, especially immune cells, results in functional and phenotype changes that consequently may play a significant role in various physiological states and the pathogenesis of immune-mediated disorders. Monocytes are the most prominent environment-sensing immune cells in circulation, skilled to shape their microenvironments via cytokine secretion and further differentiation. Both the circulating monocyte subset distribution and the blood plasma EV pattern are characteristic for preeclampsia, a pregnancy induced immune-mediated hypertensive disorder. We hypothesized that preeclampsia-associated EVs (PE-EVs) induced functional and phenotypic alterations of monocytes. First, we proved EV binding and uptake by THP-1 cells. Cellular origin and protein cargo of circulating PE-EVs were characterized by flow cytometry and mass spectrometry. An altered phagocytosis-associated molecular pattern was found on 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs: an elevated CD47 “don’t eat me” signal (p < 0.01) and decreased exofacial phosphatidylserine “eat-me” signal (p < 0.001) were found along with decreased uptake of these PE-EVs (p < 0.05). The 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs induced significantly lower chemotaxis (p < 0.01) and cell motility but accelerated cell adhesion of THP-1 cells (p < 0.05). The 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs induced altered monocyte functions suggest that circulating EVs may have a role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. (hide)
EV-METRIC
29% (62nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Healthy pregnant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Healthy pregnant
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
15
Pelleting: rotor type
200.88 fixed angle (Hermle)
Pelleting: speed (g)
12500
Wash: time (min)
15
Wash: Rotor Type
200.88 fixed angle (Hermle)
Wash: speed (g)
12500
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
pelleting speed
Used subtypes
12.5 K pellet (microvesicle enriched)
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Proteomics
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Particle analysis: flow cytometry
Flow cytometer type
Apogee A50 Micro (Apogee Flow Systems Ltd)
Calibration bead size
160 nm; 200 nm; 240nm; 500 nm
Report type
Size range / distribution
Reported size (nm)
>300nm
EV200135 2/4 Homo sapiens Blood plasma (d)(U)C Kovács, Árpád Ferenc 2018 29%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Árpád Ferenc Kovács, Orsolya Láng, Lilla Turiák, András Ács, László Kőhidai, Nóra Fekete, Bálint Alasztics, Tamás Mészáros, Edit Irén Buzás, János Rigó Jr., Éva Pállinger
Journal
Sci Rep
Abstract
Intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their target cells, especially immu (show more...)Intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their target cells, especially immune cells, results in functional and phenotype changes that consequently may play a significant role in various physiological states and the pathogenesis of immune-mediated disorders. Monocytes are the most prominent environment-sensing immune cells in circulation, skilled to shape their microenvironments via cytokine secretion and further differentiation. Both the circulating monocyte subset distribution and the blood plasma EV pattern are characteristic for preeclampsia, a pregnancy induced immune-mediated hypertensive disorder. We hypothesized that preeclampsia-associated EVs (PE-EVs) induced functional and phenotypic alterations of monocytes. First, we proved EV binding and uptake by THP-1 cells. Cellular origin and protein cargo of circulating PE-EVs were characterized by flow cytometry and mass spectrometry. An altered phagocytosis-associated molecular pattern was found on 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs: an elevated CD47 “don’t eat me” signal (p < 0.01) and decreased exofacial phosphatidylserine “eat-me” signal (p < 0.001) were found along with decreased uptake of these PE-EVs (p < 0.05). The 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs induced significantly lower chemotaxis (p < 0.01) and cell motility but accelerated cell adhesion of THP-1 cells (p < 0.05). The 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs induced altered monocyte functions suggest that circulating EVs may have a role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. (hide)
EV-METRIC
29% (62nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Healthy pregnant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Healthy pregnant
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
240
Pelleting: rotor type
MLA-55
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
MLA-55
Wash: speed (g)
100000
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
pelleting speed
Used subtypes
100 K pellet (exosome enriched)
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Proteomics
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
EV200135 3/4 Homo sapiens Blood plasma (d)(U)C Kovács, Árpád Ferenc 2018 29%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Árpád Ferenc Kovács, Orsolya Láng, Lilla Turiák, András Ács, László Kőhidai, Nóra Fekete, Bálint Alasztics, Tamás Mészáros, Edit Irén Buzás, János Rigó Jr., Éva Pállinger
Journal
Sci Rep
Abstract
Intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their target cells, especially immu (show more...)Intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their target cells, especially immune cells, results in functional and phenotype changes that consequently may play a significant role in various physiological states and the pathogenesis of immune-mediated disorders. Monocytes are the most prominent environment-sensing immune cells in circulation, skilled to shape their microenvironments via cytokine secretion and further differentiation. Both the circulating monocyte subset distribution and the blood plasma EV pattern are characteristic for preeclampsia, a pregnancy induced immune-mediated hypertensive disorder. We hypothesized that preeclampsia-associated EVs (PE-EVs) induced functional and phenotypic alterations of monocytes. First, we proved EV binding and uptake by THP-1 cells. Cellular origin and protein cargo of circulating PE-EVs were characterized by flow cytometry and mass spectrometry. An altered phagocytosis-associated molecular pattern was found on 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs: an elevated CD47 “don’t eat me” signal (p < 0.01) and decreased exofacial phosphatidylserine “eat-me” signal (p < 0.001) were found along with decreased uptake of these PE-EVs (p < 0.05). The 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs induced significantly lower chemotaxis (p < 0.01) and cell motility but accelerated cell adhesion of THP-1 cells (p < 0.05). The 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs induced altered monocyte functions suggest that circulating EVs may have a role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. (hide)
EV-METRIC
29% (62nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Pre-eclampsia
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Pre-eclampsia
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
15
Pelleting: rotor type
200.88 fixed angle (Hermle)
Pelleting: speed (g)
12500
Wash: time (min)
15
Wash: Rotor Type
200.88 fixed angle (Hermle)
Wash: speed (g)
12500
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
pelleting speed
Used subtypes
12.5 K pellet (microvesicle enriched)
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Proteomics
Proteomics database
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Particle analysis: flow cytometry
Flow cytometer type
Apogee A50 Micro (Apogee Flow Systems Ltd)
Calibration bead size
160 nm; 200 nm; 240nm; 500 nm
Report type
Size range / distribution
Reported size (nm)
>300nm
EV200135 4/4 Homo sapiens Blood plasma (d)(U)C Kovács, Árpád Ferenc 2018 29%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Árpád Ferenc Kovács, Orsolya Láng, Lilla Turiák, András Ács, László Kőhidai, Nóra Fekete, Bálint Alasztics, Tamás Mészáros, Edit Irén Buzás, János Rigó Jr., Éva Pállinger
Journal
Sci Rep
Abstract
Intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their target cells, especially immu (show more...)Intercellular communication via extracellular vesicles (EVs) and their target cells, especially immune cells, results in functional and phenotype changes that consequently may play a significant role in various physiological states and the pathogenesis of immune-mediated disorders. Monocytes are the most prominent environment-sensing immune cells in circulation, skilled to shape their microenvironments via cytokine secretion and further differentiation. Both the circulating monocyte subset distribution and the blood plasma EV pattern are characteristic for preeclampsia, a pregnancy induced immune-mediated hypertensive disorder. We hypothesized that preeclampsia-associated EVs (PE-EVs) induced functional and phenotypic alterations of monocytes. First, we proved EV binding and uptake by THP-1 cells. Cellular origin and protein cargo of circulating PE-EVs were characterized by flow cytometry and mass spectrometry. An altered phagocytosis-associated molecular pattern was found on 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs: an elevated CD47 “don’t eat me” signal (p < 0.01) and decreased exofacial phosphatidylserine “eat-me” signal (p < 0.001) were found along with decreased uptake of these PE-EVs (p < 0.05). The 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs induced significantly lower chemotaxis (p < 0.01) and cell motility but accelerated cell adhesion of THP-1 cells (p < 0.05). The 12.5 K fraction of PE-EVs induced altered monocyte functions suggest that circulating EVs may have a role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. (hide)
EV-METRIC
29% (62nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Pre-eclampsia
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Pre-eclampsia
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
240
Pelleting: rotor type
MLA-55
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
MLA-55
Wash: speed (g)
100000
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
pelleting speed
Used subtypes
100 K pellet (exosome enriched)
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Proteomics
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
EV180030 1/7 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Zhaohao Liao 2018 29%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Zhaohao Liao, Lorena Martin Jaular ORCID Icon, Estelle Soueidi, Mabel Jouve, Dillon C. Muth, Tine H. Schøyen, Tessa Seale, Norman J. Haughey, Matias Ostrowski, Clotilde Théry ORCID Icon & Kenneth W. Witwer
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity is found in abundance in reticulocytes and neurons and was deve (show more...)Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity is found in abundance in reticulocytes and neurons and was developed as a marker of reticulocyte EVs in the 1970s. Easily, quickly, and cheaply assayed, AChE activity has more recently been proposed as a generic marker for small extracellular vesicles (sEV) or exosomes, and as a negative marker of HIV-1 virions. To evaluate these proposed uses of AChE activity, we examined data from different EV and virus isolation methods using T-lymphocytic (H9, PM1 and Jurkat) and promonocytic (U937) cell lines grown in culture conditions that differed by serum content. When EVs were isolated by differential ultracentrifugation, no correlation between AChE activity and particle count was observed. AChE activity was detected in non-conditioned medium when serum was added, and most of this activity resided in soluble fractions and could not be pelleted by centrifugation. The serum-derived pelletable AChE protein was not completely eliminated from culture medium by overnight ultracentrifugation; however, a serum “extra-depletion” protocol, in which a portion of the supernatant was left undisturbed during harvesting, achieved near-complete depletion. In conditioned medium also, only small percentages of AChE activity could be pelleted together with particles. Furthermore, no consistent enrichment of AChE activity in sEV fractions was observed. Little if any AChE activity is produced by the cells we examined, and this activity was mainly present in non-vesicular structures, as shown by electron microscopy. Size-exclusion chromatography and iodixanol gradient separation showed that AChE activity overlaps only minimally with EV-enriched fractions. AChE activity likely betrays exposure to blood products and not EV abundance, echoing the MISEV 2014 and 2018 guidelines and other publications. Additional experiments may be merited to validate these results for other cell types and biological fluids other than blood. (hide)
EV-METRIC
29% (54th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
U937
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV: AChE
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
U937
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 50,000 g and 100,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
90
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
50
Wash: time (min)
90
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 45 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Other 1
Acetylcholinesterase assay
Detected EV-associated proteins
Detected contaminants
AChE
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
EV180030 4/7 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Zhaohao Liao 2018 29%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Zhaohao Liao, Lorena Martin Jaular ORCID Icon, Estelle Soueidi, Mabel Jouve, Dillon C. Muth, Tine H. Schøyen, Tessa Seale, Norman J. Haughey, Matias Ostrowski, Clotilde Théry ORCID Icon & Kenneth W. Witwer
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity is found in abundance in reticulocytes and neurons and was deve (show more...)Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity is found in abundance in reticulocytes and neurons and was developed as a marker of reticulocyte EVs in the 1970s. Easily, quickly, and cheaply assayed, AChE activity has more recently been proposed as a generic marker for small extracellular vesicles (sEV) or exosomes, and as a negative marker of HIV-1 virions. To evaluate these proposed uses of AChE activity, we examined data from different EV and virus isolation methods using T-lymphocytic (H9, PM1 and Jurkat) and promonocytic (U937) cell lines grown in culture conditions that differed by serum content. When EVs were isolated by differential ultracentrifugation, no correlation between AChE activity and particle count was observed. AChE activity was detected in non-conditioned medium when serum was added, and most of this activity resided in soluble fractions and could not be pelleted by centrifugation. The serum-derived pelletable AChE protein was not completely eliminated from culture medium by overnight ultracentrifugation; however, a serum “extra-depletion” protocol, in which a portion of the supernatant was left undisturbed during harvesting, achieved near-complete depletion. In conditioned medium also, only small percentages of AChE activity could be pelleted together with particles. Furthermore, no consistent enrichment of AChE activity in sEV fractions was observed. Little if any AChE activity is produced by the cells we examined, and this activity was mainly present in non-vesicular structures, as shown by electron microscopy. Size-exclusion chromatography and iodixanol gradient separation showed that AChE activity overlaps only minimally with EV-enriched fractions. AChE activity likely betrays exposure to blood products and not EV abundance, echoing the MISEV 2014 and 2018 guidelines and other publications. Additional experiments may be merited to validate these results for other cell types and biological fluids other than blood. (hide)
EV-METRIC
29% (54th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
PM1
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV: AChE
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
PM1
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 50,000 g and 100,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
90
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
50
Wash: time (min)
90
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 45 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Other 1
Acetycholinesterase assay
Detected EV-associated proteins
Detected contaminants
AChE
EV180059 4/6 Gut microbiota Blood plasma SEC Tulkens J 2018 28%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Tulkens J, Vergauwen G, Van Deun J, Geeurickx E, Dhondt B, Lippens L, De Scheerder MA, Miinalainen I, Rappu P, De Geest BG, Vandecasteele K, Laukens D, Vandekerckhove L, Denys H, Vandesompele J, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Gut
Abstract
(show more...) (hide)
EV-METRIC
28% (59th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
HIV
Focus vesicles
LPS-positive bacterial EV
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
SEC
Protein markers
EV: LPS/ OmpA
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Gut microbiota
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
HIV
Separation Method
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Proteomics
Proteomics database
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
LPS
EV170037 1/3 Homo sapiens Serum (d)(U)C Klump, Jennifer 2018 28%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Klump J, Phillipp U, Follo M, Eremin A, Lehmann H, Nestel S, von Bubnoff N, Nazarenko I
Journal
Nanomedicine
Abstract
Clinical evidence in oncology argues for the advantages of performing molecular analysis of blood bi (show more...)Clinical evidence in oncology argues for the advantages of performing molecular analysis of blood biomarkers to provide information about systemic changes and tumor heterogeneity. Whereas the diagnostic value of cell-free circulating DNA (fcDNA) has successfully been demonstrated in several studies, DNA enclosed in extracellular vesicles (EV) has only recently been described, and its potential diagnostic value is unclear. We established a protocol for separation of EV and fc fractions and tested for presence of mutant BRAFV600E mediating resistance to Vemurafenib and cKITD816V mediating resistance to Imatinib in blood of patients with melanoma and mastocytosis. Our results show that EV contain significantly higher amounts of total DNA as compared to the fc fraction. However, about ten-fold higher copy numbers of the wild type and mutant BRAF and cKIT were detected in the fcDNA fraction supporting its diagnostic value and pointing to differences in fc and EV DNA content. (hide)
EV-METRIC
28% (74th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Adj. k-factor
213.2 (pelleting) / 213.2 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Control condition
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
90
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
213.2
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 41 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
213.2
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Protein Concentration
10-50 dependent whether healthy donors or cancer patients were analyzed
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
different populations of vesicles were detected by DLS and NTA;120-500 nm; and over 1000 nm
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
90-300
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
3.00E+09 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
Report size (nm)
90-120
Extra information
Publication aimed to determine the content of mutated DNA oncogenes copy inside of the vesicles (post- DNase treatments) and in the free-circulating fractions. For that DNA was isolated from different EV and fc fractions and DNA was analyzed using ddPCR. Conclusion was that the mutated BRAF and c-KIT copies are preferably located in the free-circulating fractions and not in EVs.
EV170037 2/3 Homo sapiens Serum (d)(U)C Klump, Jennifer 2018 28%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Klump J, Phillipp U, Follo M, Eremin A, Lehmann H, Nestel S, von Bubnoff N, Nazarenko I
Journal
Nanomedicine
Abstract
Clinical evidence in oncology argues for the advantages of performing molecular analysis of blood bi (show more...)Clinical evidence in oncology argues for the advantages of performing molecular analysis of blood biomarkers to provide information about systemic changes and tumor heterogeneity. Whereas the diagnostic value of cell-free circulating DNA (fcDNA) has successfully been demonstrated in several studies, DNA enclosed in extracellular vesicles (EV) has only recently been described, and its potential diagnostic value is unclear. We established a protocol for separation of EV and fc fractions and tested for presence of mutant BRAFV600E mediating resistance to Vemurafenib and cKITD816V mediating resistance to Imatinib in blood of patients with melanoma and mastocytosis. Our results show that EV contain significantly higher amounts of total DNA as compared to the fc fraction. However, about ten-fold higher copy numbers of the wild type and mutant BRAF and cKIT were detected in the fcDNA fraction supporting its diagnostic value and pointing to differences in fc and EV DNA content. (hide)
EV-METRIC
28% (74th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Melanoma
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Adj. k-factor
213.2 (pelleting) / 213.2 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Melanoma
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
90
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
213.2
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 41 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
213.2
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Protein Concentration
10-50 dependent whether healthy donors or cancer patients were analyzed
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
different populations of vesicles were detected by DLS and NTA;120-500 nm; and over 1000 nm
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
90-300
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
3.00E+09 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
Report size (nm)
90-120
Extra information
Publication aimed to determine the content of mutated DNA oncogenes copy inside of the vesicles (post- DNase treatments) and in the free-circulating fractions. For that DNA was isolated from different EV and fc fractions and DNA was analyzed using ddPCR. Conclusion was that the mutated BRAF and c-KIT copies are preferably located in the free-circulating fractions and not in EVs.
EV170037 3/3 Homo sapiens Serum (d)(U)C Klump, Jennifer 2018 28%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Klump J, Phillipp U, Follo M, Eremin A, Lehmann H, Nestel S, von Bubnoff N, Nazarenko I
Journal
Nanomedicine
Abstract
Clinical evidence in oncology argues for the advantages of performing molecular analysis of blood bi (show more...)Clinical evidence in oncology argues for the advantages of performing molecular analysis of blood biomarkers to provide information about systemic changes and tumor heterogeneity. Whereas the diagnostic value of cell-free circulating DNA (fcDNA) has successfully been demonstrated in several studies, DNA enclosed in extracellular vesicles (EV) has only recently been described, and its potential diagnostic value is unclear. We established a protocol for separation of EV and fc fractions and tested for presence of mutant BRAFV600E mediating resistance to Vemurafenib and cKITD816V mediating resistance to Imatinib in blood of patients with melanoma and mastocytosis. Our results show that EV contain significantly higher amounts of total DNA as compared to the fc fraction. However, about ten-fold higher copy numbers of the wild type and mutant BRAF and cKIT were detected in the fcDNA fraction supporting its diagnostic value and pointing to differences in fc and EV DNA content. (hide)
EV-METRIC
28% (74th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Mastocytosis
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Adj. k-factor
213.2 (pelleting) / 213.2 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Mastocytosis
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
90
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
213.2
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 41 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
213.2
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Protein Concentration
10-50 dependent whether healthy donors or cancer patients were analyzed
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
different populations of vesicles were detected by DLS and NTA;120-500 nm; and over 1000 nm
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
90-300
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
3.00E+09 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
Report size (nm)
90-120
Extra information
Publication aimed to determine the content of mutated DNA oncogenes copy inside of the vesicles (post- DNase treatments) and in the free-circulating fractions. For that DNA was isolated from different EV and fc fractions and DNA was analyzed using ddPCR. Conclusion was that the mutated BRAF and c-KIT copies are preferably located in the free-circulating fractions and not in EVs.
EV200170 1/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant ExoQuick-TC Chang, Xinwen 2018 25%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Xinwen Chang, Julei Yao, Qizhi He, Ming Liu, Tao Duan, Kai Wang
Journal
Hypertension
Abstract
Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder that affects 5% to 8% of pregnancies. Exosomes, me (show more...)Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder that affects 5% to 8% of pregnancies. Exosomes, membrane-encapsulated vesicles that are released into the extracellular environment by many cell types, can carry signals to the recipient cells to affect inflammation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. We hypothesize that exosomes from women with preeclampsia complications impair vascular development by delivering antiangiogenic factors to endothelial cells. In the current study, plasma samples from gestational age-matched preeclampsia and normal pregnancies were used to isolate circulating exosomes by commercial kits. Next, application of transwell and matrigel tube formation assays showed that exosomes from preeclampsia patients impaired angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. We found that exosomes from preeclampsia expressed abundant sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1) and sEng (soluble endoglin). Considering the possibility that extracellular sFlt and sEng were horizontally transferred to human umbilical vein endothelial cells, we successfully collected exosomes containing high levels of sFlt-1 and sEng by overexpressing them in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that these exosomes can attenuate the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. In a mouse model, exosomes from preeclampsia patients caused vascular dysfunction directly resulted in adverse preeclampsia-like birth outcomes. Thus, we proposed that exosomes mediated efficient transfer of sFlt-1 and sEng to endothelial cells to damage vascular functions and induce complications in preeclampsia patients. (hide)
EV-METRIC
25% (51st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
HEK293
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
ExoQuick-TC
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ CD81/ sEng/ CD9/ sFlt-1
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
HEK293
EV-harvesting Medium
Not specified
Separation Method
Commercial kit
ExoQuick-TC
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ CD81
ELISA
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
sFlt-1/ sEng
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
50-300nm
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up
Report size (nm)
30-150nm
EV200170 2/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant ExoQuick-TC Chang, Xinwen 2018 25%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Xinwen Chang, Julei Yao, Qizhi He, Ming Liu, Tao Duan, Kai Wang
Journal
Hypertension
Abstract
Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder that affects 5% to 8% of pregnancies. Exosomes, me (show more...)Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder that affects 5% to 8% of pregnancies. Exosomes, membrane-encapsulated vesicles that are released into the extracellular environment by many cell types, can carry signals to the recipient cells to affect inflammation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. We hypothesize that exosomes from women with preeclampsia complications impair vascular development by delivering antiangiogenic factors to endothelial cells. In the current study, plasma samples from gestational age-matched preeclampsia and normal pregnancies were used to isolate circulating exosomes by commercial kits. Next, application of transwell and matrigel tube formation assays showed that exosomes from preeclampsia patients impaired angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. We found that exosomes from preeclampsia expressed abundant sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1) and sEng (soluble endoglin). Considering the possibility that extracellular sFlt and sEng were horizontally transferred to human umbilical vein endothelial cells, we successfully collected exosomes containing high levels of sFlt-1 and sEng by overexpressing them in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that these exosomes can attenuate the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. In a mouse model, exosomes from preeclampsia patients caused vascular dysfunction directly resulted in adverse preeclampsia-like birth outcomes. Thus, we proposed that exosomes mediated efficient transfer of sFlt-1 and sEng to endothelial cells to damage vascular functions and induce complications in preeclampsia patients. (hide)
EV-METRIC
25% (51st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
HEK293
Sample origin
sFlt1 overexpressing
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
ExoQuick-TC
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ CD81/ CD9/ sFlt-1
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
sFlt1 overexpressing
EV-producing cells
HEK293
EV-harvesting Medium
Not specified
Separation Method
Commercial kit
ExoQuick-TC
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ CD81
ELISA
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
sFlt-1
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
50-300nm
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up
Report size (nm)
30-150nm
EV200170 3/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant ExoQuick-TC Chang, Xinwen 2018 25%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Xinwen Chang, Julei Yao, Qizhi He, Ming Liu, Tao Duan, Kai Wang
Journal
Hypertension
Abstract
Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder that affects 5% to 8% of pregnancies. Exosomes, me (show more...)Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder that affects 5% to 8% of pregnancies. Exosomes, membrane-encapsulated vesicles that are released into the extracellular environment by many cell types, can carry signals to the recipient cells to affect inflammation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. We hypothesize that exosomes from women with preeclampsia complications impair vascular development by delivering antiangiogenic factors to endothelial cells. In the current study, plasma samples from gestational age-matched preeclampsia and normal pregnancies were used to isolate circulating exosomes by commercial kits. Next, application of transwell and matrigel tube formation assays showed that exosomes from preeclampsia patients impaired angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. We found that exosomes from preeclampsia expressed abundant sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1) and sEng (soluble endoglin). Considering the possibility that extracellular sFlt and sEng were horizontally transferred to human umbilical vein endothelial cells, we successfully collected exosomes containing high levels of sFlt-1 and sEng by overexpressing them in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that these exosomes can attenuate the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. In a mouse model, exosomes from preeclampsia patients caused vascular dysfunction directly resulted in adverse preeclampsia-like birth outcomes. Thus, we proposed that exosomes mediated efficient transfer of sFlt-1 and sEng to endothelial cells to damage vascular functions and induce complications in preeclampsia patients. (hide)
EV-METRIC
25% (51st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Cell Name
HEK293
Sample origin
sEng overexpressing
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
ExoQuick-TC
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ CD81/ CD9/ sEng
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
sEng overexpressing
EV-producing cells
HEK293
EV-harvesting Medium
Not specified
Separation Method
Commercial kit
ExoQuick-TC
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ CD81
ELISA
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
sEng
Flow cytometry
Hardware adjustments
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
50-300nm
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up
Report size (nm)
30-150nm
EV200170 4/5 Homo sapiens Blood plasma ExoQuick
Filtration
Chang, Xinwen 2018 25%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Xinwen Chang, Julei Yao, Qizhi He, Ming Liu, Tao Duan, Kai Wang
Journal
Hypertension
Abstract
Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder that affects 5% to 8% of pregnancies. Exosomes, me (show more...)Preeclampsia is a unique multiple system disorder that affects 5% to 8% of pregnancies. Exosomes, membrane-encapsulated vesicles that are released into the extracellular environment by many cell types, can carry signals to the recipient cells to affect inflammation, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. We hypothesize that exosomes from women with preeclampsia complications impair vascular development by delivering antiangiogenic factors to endothelial cells. In the current study, plasma samples from gestational age-matched preeclampsia and normal pregnancies were used to isolate circulating exosomes by commercial kits. Next, application of transwell and matrigel tube formation assays showed that exosomes from preeclampsia patients impaired angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells. We found that exosomes from preeclampsia expressed abundant sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1) and sEng (soluble endoglin). Considering the possibility that extracellular sFlt and sEng were horizontally transferred to human umbilical vein endothelial cells, we successfully collected exosomes containing high levels of sFlt-1 and sEng by overexpressing them in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that these exosomes can attenuate the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. In a mouse model, exosomes from preeclampsia patients caused vascular dysfunction directly resulted in adverse preeclampsia-like birth outcomes. Thus, we proposed that exosomes mediated efficient transfer of sFlt-1 and sEng to endothelial cells to damage vascular functions and induce complications in preeclampsia patients. (hide)
EV-METRIC
25% (57th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Healthy pregnant
Focus vesicles
exosome
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
ExoQuick
Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ CD81/ sEng/ Flotillin1/ CD9/ sFlt-1
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Healthy pregnant
Separation Method
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Commercial kit
ExoQuick
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
<