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You searched for: EV220366 (EV-TRACK ID)

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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, separation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Separation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV220366 1/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (94th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD81/ CD86/ CD80/ MHCII/ CD40
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD81/ CD86/ CD80/ MHCII
Not detected EV-associated proteins
CD40
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
TRPS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
75-300
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
particles per milliliter of starting sample: 5.50E+11
EM
EM-type
Transmission­-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV220366 3/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (94th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Ionomycin
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD81/ CD86/ CD80/ MHCII/ CD40
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD81/ CD86/ CD80/ MHCII
Not detected EV-associated proteins
CD40
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
TRPS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
75-300
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
particles per milliliter of starting sample: 7.50E+11
EM
EM-type
Transmission­-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV220366 4/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (94th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
compound 634
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD81/ CD86/ CD80/ MHCII/ CD40
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD81/ CD86/ CD80/ MHCII
Not detected EV-associated proteins
CD40
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
TRPS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
75-300
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
particles per milliliter of starting sample: 8.00E+11
EM
EM-type
Transmission­-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV220366 2/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (84th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
MPLA
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ CD86/ CD80/ MHCII/ CD40
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD81/ CD86/ CD80/ MHCII/ CD40
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV220366 5/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 14%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
14% (44th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
compound 2E241
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
None
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV220366 6/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 14%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
14% (44th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
compound 2F186
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
None
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV220366 7/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 14%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
14% (44th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
compound 2H013
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
None
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV220366 8/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 14%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
14% (44th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
compound 2G176
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
None
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV220366 9/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 14%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
14% (44th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
compound 2G179a
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
None
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV220366 10/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 14%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
14% (44th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
compound 2G179c
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
None
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Protein Yield (µg)
per milliliter of starting sample
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV220366 11/11 Mus musculus bone marrow-derived cells (d)(U)C Sako Y 2023 14%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sako Y, Sato-Kaneko F, Shukla NM, Yao S, Belsuzarri MM, Chan M, Saito T, Lao FS, Kong H, Puffer M, Messer K, Pu M, Cottam HB, Carson DA, Hayashi T
Journal
ACS Chem Biol
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapse (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer antigens and immunomodulatory molecules in immunologic synapses as a part of intracellular communication, and EVs equipped with immunostimulatory functions have been utilized for vaccine formulation. Hence, we sought small-molecule compounds that increase immunostimulatory EVs released by antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) for enhancement of vaccine immunogenicity. We previously performed high-throughput screening on a 28K compound library using three THP-1 reporter cell lines with CD63 Turbo-Luciferase, NF-κB, and interferon-sensitive response element (ISRE) reporter constructs, respectively. Because intracellular Ca elevation enhances EV release, we screened 80 hit compounds and identified compound as a Ca influx inducer. enhanced EV release in murine bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (mBMDCs) and increased costimulatory molecule expression on the surface of EVs and the parent cells. EVs isolated from -treated mBMDCs induced T cell proliferation in the presence of antigenic peptides. To assess the roles of intracellular Ca elevation in immunostimulatory EV release, we performed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies of . The analogues that retained the ability to induce Ca influx induced more EVs with immunostimulatory properties from mBMDCs than did those that lacked the ability to induce Ca influx. The levels of Ca induction of synthesized analogues correlated with the numbers of EVs released and costimulatory molecule expression on the parent cells. Collectively, our study presents that a small molecule, , enhances the release of EVs with immunostimulatory potency via induction of Ca influx. This agent is a novel tool for EV-based immune studies and vaccine development. (hide)
EV-METRIC
14% (44th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
compound 2G179g
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
Commercial EDS
Cell count
3.00E+07
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100,000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
30
Wash: time (min)
180
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
None
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
1 - 11 of 11
  • CM = Commercial method
  • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
  • DG = density gradient
  • UF = ultrafiltration
  • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
EV-TRACK ID
EV220366
species
Mus
musculus
sample type
Cell
culture
cell type
bone
marrow-derived
cells
condition
Control
condition
Ionomycin
compound
634
MPLA
compound
2E241
compound
2F186
compound
2H013
compound
2G176
compound
2G179a
compound
2G179c
compound
2G179g
separation protocol
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
Exp. nr.
1
3
4
2
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
EV-METRIC %
67
67
67
44
14
14
14
14
14
14
14