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You searched for: EV210345 (EV-TRACK ID)

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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, separation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Separation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV210345 1/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 78%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
78% (96th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ syntenin-1/ B-actin
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ syntenin-1/ B-actin
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
120
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
number of particles per million cells: 4.00e+4
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV210345 3/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 78%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
78% (96th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
MysPalm-PHYB-PIF6-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ syntenin-1
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Not detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ syntenin-1/ spCas9
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
120
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
number of particles per million cells: 2.00e+4
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV210345 5/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 78%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
78% (96th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
MysPalm-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ Syntenin-1
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ Syntenin-1/ spCas9
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
120
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
number of particles per million cells: 4.00e+4
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV210345 7/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (91st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
MysPalm-pMag-nMag-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ Syntenin-1
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ syntenin-1/ B-actin
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV210345 9/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (91st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
MysPalm-FKBP-FRB-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ Syntenin-1
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ syntenin-1/ B-actin
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV210345 2/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 56%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
56% (85th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
CD81-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ syntenin-1/ B-actin
non-EV: calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ syntenin-1/ B-actin/ spCas9
Detected contaminants
calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
120
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
number of particles per million cells: 5.00e+4
EV210345 4/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 56%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
56% (85th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Mys-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ syntenin-1
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ syntenin-1/ spCas9
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
120
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
number of particles per million cells: 4.00e+4
EV210345 16/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 56%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
56% (85th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
CD9-FKBP-FRB-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ syntenin-1
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ Flotillin­1/ TSG101/ B-actin/ syntenin-1
Detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Particle yield
number of particles per million cells
EV210345 10/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C
Size­-exclusion chromatography (non­-commercial)
Osteikoetxea X 2022 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (76th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
MysPalm-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9 + sgRNA
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Size­-exclusion chromatography (non­-commercial)
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD9/ CD81/ Annexin V
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Used for validation?
Yes
Total column volume (mL)
1
Sample volume/column (mL)
0.15
Other
Name other separation method
Size­-exclusion chromatography (non­-commercial)
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix
Flow cytometry
Type of Flow cytometry
CytoFLEX
Antibody details provided?
No
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD81/ Annexin V
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV210345 12/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (76th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
MysPalm-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9 + sgRNA
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNA analysis
Type
droplet digital PCR
Proteinase treatment
No
RNAse treatment
Yes
RNAse type
RNase A
RNAse concentration
2
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV210345 14/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (76th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
CD9-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9 + sgRNA
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNA analysis
Type
droplet digital PCR
Proteinase treatment
No
RNAse treatment
Yes
RNAse type
RNase A
RNAse concentration
2
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV210345 6/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (63rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Palm-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
120
Particle yield
number of particles per million cells
EV210345 8/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (63rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Prenyl-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV210345 11/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (63rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
CD9-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV210345 13/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (63rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
CD9-PHYB-PIF6-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
None
EV210345 17/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (63rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Rab5c-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: Alix
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Nanodrop
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Antibody dilution provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
EV210345 15/17 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (d)(U)C Osteikoetxea X 2022 14%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Osteikoetxea X, Silva A, Lázaro-Ibáñez E, Salmond N, Shatnyeva O, Stein J, Schick J, Wren S, Lindgren J, Firth M, Madsen A, Mayr LM, Overman R, Davies R, Dekker N
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic app (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown promise as biological delivery vehicles, but therapeutic applications require efficient cargo loading. Here, we developed new methods for CRISPR/Cas9 loading into EVs through reversible heterodimerization of Cas9-fusions with EV sorting partners. Cas9-loaded EVs were collected from engineered Expi293F cells using standard methodology, characterized using nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, and transmission electron microscopy and analysed for CRISPR/Cas9-mediated functional gene editing in a Cre-reporter cellular assay. Light-induced dimerization using Cryptochrome 2 combined with CD9 or a Myristoylation-Palmitoylation-Palmitoylation lipid modification resulted in efficient loading with approximately 25 Cas9 molecules per EV and high functional delivery with 51% gene editing of the Cre reporter cassette in HEK293 and 25% in HepG2 cells, respectively. This approach was also effective for targeting knock-down of the therapeutically relevant PCSK9 gene with 6% indel efficiency in HEK293. Cas9 transfer was detergent-sensitive and associated with the EV fractions after size exclusion chromatography, indicative of EV-mediated transfer. Considering the advantages of EVs over other delivery vectors we envision that this study will prove useful for a range of therapeutic applications, including CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome editing. (hide)
EV-METRIC
14% (38th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods. For the quantitative method, the reporting of measured EV concentration is expected.
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
CD9-pMag-nMag-Cas9
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Drug delivery
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
Expi293F
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability (%)
95.4
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting performed
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Size-exclusion chromatography
Resin type
Characterization: Protein analysis
None
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Protein Yield (µg)
number of particles per million cells
Characterization: Lipid analysis
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Particle yield
number of particles per million cells
1 - 17 of 17
  • CM = Commercial method
  • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
  • DG = density gradient
  • UF = ultrafiltration
  • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
EV-TRACK ID
EV210345
species
Homo
sapiens
sample type
Cell
culture
cell type
Expi293F
condition
Control
condition
MysPalm-PHYB-PIF6-Cas9
MysPalm-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
MysPalm-pMag-nMag-Cas9
MysPalm-FKBP-FRB-Cas9
CD81-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Mys-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
CD9-FKBP-FRB-Cas9
MysPalm-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
sgRNA
MysPalm-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
sgRNA
CD9-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
sgRNA
Palm-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
Prenyl-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
CD9-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
CD9-PHYB-PIF6-Cas9
Rab5c-CIBN-CRY2-Cas9
CD9-pMag-nMag-Cas9
separation protocol
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC/
Size-exclusion
chromatography
(non-commercial)
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
dUC
Exp. nr.
1
3
5
7
9
2
4
16
10
12
14
6
8
11
13
17
15
EV-METRIC %
78
78
78
67
67
56
56
56
44
44
44
33
33
33
33
33
14