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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Vesicle type, Culture condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Vesicle type, Culture condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Vesicle type, Culture condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Vesicle type
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Vesicle type
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Isolation method
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Isolation method
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample condition
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV180029 6/8 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC Palviainen, Mari 2019 66%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Mari Palviainen ORCID Icon, Heikki Saari ORCID Icon, Olli Kärkkäinen ORCID Icon, Jenna Pekkinen, Seppo Auriola, Marjo Yliperttula, Maija Puhka, Kati Hanhineva & Pia R.-M. Siljander
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
One of the greatest bottlenecks in extracellular vesicle (EV) research is the production of sufficie (show more...)One of the greatest bottlenecks in extracellular vesicle (EV) research is the production of sufficient material in a consistent and effective way using in vitro cell models. Although the production of EVs in bioreactors maximizes EV yield in comparison to conventional cell cultures, the impact of their cell growth conditions on EVs has not yet been established. In this study, we grew two prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and VCaP, in conventional cell culture dishes and in two-chamber bioreactors to elucidate how the growth environment affects the EV characteristics. Specifically, we wanted to investigate the growth condition-dependent differences by non-targeted metabolite profiling using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) analysis. EVs were also characterized by their morphology, size distribution, and EV protein marker expression, and the EV yields were quantified by NTA. The use of bioreactor increased the EV yield >100 times compared to the conventional cell culture system. Regarding morphology, size distribution and surface markers, only minor differences were observed between the bioreactor-derived EVs (BR-EVs) and the EVs obtained from cells grown in conventional cell cultures (C-EVs). In contrast, metabolomic analysis revealed statistically significant differences in both polar and non-polar metabolites when the BR-EVs were compared to the C-EVs. The results show that the growth conditions markedly affected the EV metabolite profiles and that metabolomics was a sensitive tool to study molecular differences of EVs. We conclude that the cell culture conditions of EV production should be standardized and carefully detailed in publications and care should be taken when EVs from different production platforms are compared with each other for systemic effects. (hide)
EV-METRIC
66% (93rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC
Adj. k-factor
142.9 (pelleting) / 89.2 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ TSG101/ CD29/ CD9
non-EV: calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
PC3
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum-containing, but physical separation of serum EVs and secreted EVs (e.g. Bioreactor flask)
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 50.2 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
110000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
142.9
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
TLA-55
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
89.20
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Lowry-based assay
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9, CD81, TSG101, CD29
Not detected contaminants
calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
PMID previous EV particle analysis
Electron microscopy
Extra particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
118.7
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV180029 7/8 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC Palviainen, Mari 2019 66%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Mari Palviainen ORCID Icon, Heikki Saari ORCID Icon, Olli Kärkkäinen ORCID Icon, Jenna Pekkinen, Seppo Auriola, Marjo Yliperttula, Maija Puhka, Kati Hanhineva & Pia R.-M. Siljander
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
One of the greatest bottlenecks in extracellular vesicle (EV) research is the production of sufficie (show more...)One of the greatest bottlenecks in extracellular vesicle (EV) research is the production of sufficient material in a consistent and effective way using in vitro cell models. Although the production of EVs in bioreactors maximizes EV yield in comparison to conventional cell cultures, the impact of their cell growth conditions on EVs has not yet been established. In this study, we grew two prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and VCaP, in conventional cell culture dishes and in two-chamber bioreactors to elucidate how the growth environment affects the EV characteristics. Specifically, we wanted to investigate the growth condition-dependent differences by non-targeted metabolite profiling using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) analysis. EVs were also characterized by their morphology, size distribution, and EV protein marker expression, and the EV yields were quantified by NTA. The use of bioreactor increased the EV yield >100 times compared to the conventional cell culture system. Regarding morphology, size distribution and surface markers, only minor differences were observed between the bioreactor-derived EVs (BR-EVs) and the EVs obtained from cells grown in conventional cell cultures (C-EVs). In contrast, metabolomic analysis revealed statistically significant differences in both polar and non-polar metabolites when the BR-EVs were compared to the C-EVs. The results show that the growth conditions markedly affected the EV metabolite profiles and that metabolomics was a sensitive tool to study molecular differences of EVs. We conclude that the cell culture conditions of EV production should be standardized and carefully detailed in publications and care should be taken when EVs from different production platforms are compared with each other for systemic effects. (hide)
EV-METRIC
66% (93rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC
Adj. k-factor
785.9 (pelleting) / 89.2 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ TSG101/ CD29/ CD9
non-EV: calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
PC3
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum-containing, but physical separation of serum EVs and secreted EVs (e.g. Bioreactor flask)
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 50.2 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
20000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
785.9
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
TLA-55
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
89.20
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Lowry-based assay
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9, CD81, TSG101, CD29
Not detected contaminants
calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
PMID previous EV particle analysis
Electron microscopy
Extra particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
148.8
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV180029 8/8 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC Palviainen, Mari 2019 66%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Mari Palviainen ORCID Icon, Heikki Saari ORCID Icon, Olli Kärkkäinen ORCID Icon, Jenna Pekkinen, Seppo Auriola, Marjo Yliperttula, Maija Puhka, Kati Hanhineva & Pia R.-M. Siljander
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
One of the greatest bottlenecks in extracellular vesicle (EV) research is the production of sufficie (show more...)One of the greatest bottlenecks in extracellular vesicle (EV) research is the production of sufficient material in a consistent and effective way using in vitro cell models. Although the production of EVs in bioreactors maximizes EV yield in comparison to conventional cell cultures, the impact of their cell growth conditions on EVs has not yet been established. In this study, we grew two prostate cancer cell lines, PC-3 and VCaP, in conventional cell culture dishes and in two-chamber bioreactors to elucidate how the growth environment affects the EV characteristics. Specifically, we wanted to investigate the growth condition-dependent differences by non-targeted metabolite profiling using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) analysis. EVs were also characterized by their morphology, size distribution, and EV protein marker expression, and the EV yields were quantified by NTA. The use of bioreactor increased the EV yield >100 times compared to the conventional cell culture system. Regarding morphology, size distribution and surface markers, only minor differences were observed between the bioreactor-derived EVs (BR-EVs) and the EVs obtained from cells grown in conventional cell cultures (C-EVs). In contrast, metabolomic analysis revealed statistically significant differences in both polar and non-polar metabolites when the BR-EVs were compared to the C-EVs. The results show that the growth conditions markedly affected the EV metabolite profiles and that metabolomics was a sensitive tool to study molecular differences of EVs. We conclude that the cell culture conditions of EV production should be standardized and carefully detailed in publications and care should be taken when EVs from different production platforms are compared with each other for systemic effects. (hide)
EV-METRIC
66% (93rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC
Adj. k-factor
785.9 (pelleting) / 89.2 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ TSG101/ CD29/ CD9
non-EV: calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
VCaP
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 50.2 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
20000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
785.9
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
TLA-55
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
89.20
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Lowry-based assay
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9, CD81, TSG101, CD29
Not detected contaminants
calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
PMID previous EV particle analysis
Electron microscopy
Extra particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
121.4
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV180021 1/4 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC Bachurski, Daniel 2019 66%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Daniel Bachurski ORCID Icon, Maximiliane Schuldner, Phuong-Hien Nguyen, Alexandra Malz, Katrin S Reiners, Patricia C Grenzi ORCID Icon, Felix Babatz, Astrid C Schauss, Hinrich P Hansen, Michael Hallek & Elke Pogge von Strandmann
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
The expanding field of extracellular vesicle (EV) research needs reproducible and accurate methods t (show more...)The expanding field of extracellular vesicle (EV) research needs reproducible and accurate methods to characterize single EVs. Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis (NTA) is commonly used to determine EV concentration and diameter. As the EV field is lacking methods to easily confirm and validate NTA data, questioning the reliability of measurements remains highly important. In this regard, a comparison addressing measurement quality between different NTA devices such as Malvern’s NanoSight NS300 or Particle Metrix’ ZetaView has not yet been conducted. To evaluate the accuracy and repeatability of size and concentration determinations of both devices, we employed comparative methods including transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and single particle interferometric reflectance imaging sensing (SP-IRIS) by ExoView. Multiple test measurements with nanospheres, liposomes and ultracentrifuged EVs from human serum and cell culture supernatant were performed. Additionally, serial dilutions and freeze-thaw cycle-dependent EV decrease were measured to determine the robustness of each system. Strikingly, NanoSight NS300 exhibited a 2.0–2.1-fold overestimation of polystyrene and silica nanosphere concentration. By measuring serial dilutions of EV samples, we demonstrated higher accuracy in concentration determination by ZetaView (% BIAS range: 2.7–8.5) in comparison with NanoSight NS300 (% BIAS range: 32.9–36.8). The concentration measurements by ZetaView were also more precise (% CV range: 0.0–4.7) than measurements by NanoSight NS300 (% CV range: 5.4–10.7). On the contrary, quantitative TEM imaging indicated more accurate EV sizing by NanoSight NS300 (% DTEM range: 79.5–134.3) compared to ZetaView (% DTEM range: 111.8–205.7), while being equally repeatable (NanoSight NS300% CV range: 0.8–6.7; ZetaView: 1.4–7.8). However, both devices failed to report a peak EV diameter below 60 nm compared to TEM and SP-IRIS. Taken together, NTA devices differ strongly in their hardware and software affecting measuring results. ZetaView provided a more accurate and repeatable depiction of EV concentration, whereas NanoSight NS300 supplied size measurements of higher resolution. (hide)
EV-METRIC
66% (93rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC
Adj. k-factor
892 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ HSP70/ CD63/ CD9/ CD81
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
L540
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
95
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
30
Pelleting: speed (g)
10000
Wash: time (min)
30
Wash: Rotor Type
TLA-55
Wash: speed (g)
10000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
892.0
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, HSP70, TSG101
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
100-500
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Report size (nm)
30-200
Other particle analysis name(1)
ExoView
Report type
Size range/distribution
Report size
50-200
EV-concentration
No
Extra information
EV-Track data set is associated with a technical paper comparing different NTA devices assessed by TEM and ExoView
EV180021 2/4 Homo sapiens Serum dUC Bachurski, Daniel 2019 66%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Daniel Bachurski ORCID Icon, Maximiliane Schuldner, Phuong-Hien Nguyen, Alexandra Malz, Katrin S Reiners, Patricia C Grenzi ORCID Icon, Felix Babatz, Astrid C Schauss, Hinrich P Hansen, Michael Hallek & Elke Pogge von Strandmann
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
The expanding field of extracellular vesicle (EV) research needs reproducible and accurate methods t (show more...)The expanding field of extracellular vesicle (EV) research needs reproducible and accurate methods to characterize single EVs. Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis (NTA) is commonly used to determine EV concentration and diameter. As the EV field is lacking methods to easily confirm and validate NTA data, questioning the reliability of measurements remains highly important. In this regard, a comparison addressing measurement quality between different NTA devices such as Malvern’s NanoSight NS300 or Particle Metrix’ ZetaView has not yet been conducted. To evaluate the accuracy and repeatability of size and concentration determinations of both devices, we employed comparative methods including transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and single particle interferometric reflectance imaging sensing (SP-IRIS) by ExoView. Multiple test measurements with nanospheres, liposomes and ultracentrifuged EVs from human serum and cell culture supernatant were performed. Additionally, serial dilutions and freeze-thaw cycle-dependent EV decrease were measured to determine the robustness of each system. Strikingly, NanoSight NS300 exhibited a 2.0–2.1-fold overestimation of polystyrene and silica nanosphere concentration. By measuring serial dilutions of EV samples, we demonstrated higher accuracy in concentration determination by ZetaView (% BIAS range: 2.7–8.5) in comparison with NanoSight NS300 (% BIAS range: 32.9–36.8). The concentration measurements by ZetaView were also more precise (% CV range: 0.0–4.7) than measurements by NanoSight NS300 (% CV range: 5.4–10.7). On the contrary, quantitative TEM imaging indicated more accurate EV sizing by NanoSight NS300 (% DTEM range: 79.5–134.3) compared to ZetaView (% DTEM range: 111.8–205.7), while being equally repeatable (NanoSight NS300% CV range: 0.8–6.7; ZetaView: 1.4–7.8). However, both devices failed to report a peak EV diameter below 60 nm compared to TEM and SP-IRIS. Taken together, NTA devices differ strongly in their hardware and software affecting measuring results. ZetaView provided a more accurate and repeatable depiction of EV concentration, whereas NanoSight NS300 supplied size measurements of higher resolution. (hide)
EV-METRIC
66% (97th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC
Adj. k-factor
892 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: HSP70/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Control condition
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
30
Pelleting: speed (g)
10000
Wash: time (min)
30
Wash: Rotor Type
TLA-55
Wash: speed (g)
10000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
892.0
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, HSP70
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Lipid analysis
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
100-500
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Report size (nm)
30-500
Other particle analysis name(1)
ExoView
Report type
Size range/distribution
Report size
50-200
EV-concentration
No
Extra information
EV-Track data set is associated with a technical paper comparing different NTA devices assessed by TEM and ExoView
EV180071 1/3 Homo sapiens Blood plasma SEC
UF
Ultrafiltration
Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial)
Brahmer A 2019 63%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Brahmer A, Neuberger E, Esch-Heisser L, Haller N, Jorgensen MM, Baek R, Möbius W, Simon P, Krämer-Albers EM.
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Physical activity initiates a wide range of multi-systemic adaptations that promote mental and physi (show more...)Physical activity initiates a wide range of multi-systemic adaptations that promote mental and physical health. Recent work demonstrated that exercise triggers the release of extracellular vesicles (EVs) into the circulation, possibly contributing to exercise-associated adaptive systemic signalling. Circulating EVs comprise a heterogeneous collection of different EV-subclasses released from various cell types. So far, a comprehensive picture of the parental and target cell types, EV-subpopulation diversity and functional properties of EVs released during exercise (ExerVs) is lacking. Here, we performed a detailed EV-phenotyping analysis to explore the cellular origin and potential subtypes of ExerVs. Healthy male athletes were subjected to an incremental cycling test until exhaustion and blood was drawn before, during, and immediately after the test. Analysis of total blood plasma by EV Array suggested endothelial and leukocyte characteristics of ExerVs. We further purified ExerVs from plasma by size exclusion chromatography as well as CD9-, CD63- or CD81-immunobead isolation to examine ExerV-subclass dynamics. EV-marker analysis demonstrated increasing EV-levels during cycling exercise, with highest levels at peak exercise in all EV-subclasses analysed. Phenotyping of ExerVs using a multiplexed flow-cytometry platform revealed a pattern of cell surface markers associated with ExerVs and identified lymphocytes (CD4, CD8), monocytes (CD14), platelets (CD41, CD42, CD62P), endothelial cells (CD105, CD146) and antigen presenting cells (MHC-II) as ExerV-parental cells. We conclude that multiple cell types associated with the circulatory system contribute to a pool of heterogeneous ExerVs, which may be involved in exercise-related signalling mechanisms and tissue crosstalk. (hide)
EV-METRIC
63% (95th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
SEC + UF + Ultrafiltration + Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial)
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD31/ CD209/ CD326/ CD133/1/ CD8/ CD9/ CD49e/ CD81/ CD86/ Syntenin/ CD41b/ CD29/ CD63/ CD42a/ CD44/ CD20/ CD40/ Sarcoglycan-alpha/ CD24/ CD146/ CD69/ MHC2/ ROR1/ MHC1/ SSEA4/ CD105/ MCSP/ CD62p/ CD19/ CD142
non-EV: / ApoA1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biogenesis/cargo sorting/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Control condition
Isolation Method
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
30
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Commercial kit
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD81/ CD9/ TSG101/ Syntenin/ CD41b/ CD63
Not detected EV-associated proteins
Sarcoglycan-alpha
Detected contaminants
ApoA1
Not detected contaminants
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63/ CD9/ CD81/ CD8/ CD19/ CD20/ CD24/ CD29/ CD31/ CD40/ CD41b/ CD42a/ CD44/ CD49e/ CD62p/ CD69/ CD86/ CD105/ CD133/1/ CD142/ CD146/ CD209/ CD326/ MHC1/ MHC2/ MCSP/ ROR1/ SSEA4
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
106
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV180050 3/6 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant SEC
dUC
Filtration
Ultrafiltration
UF
Alice Gualerzi 2019 62%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Alice Gualerzi, Sander Alexander Antonius Kooijmans, Stefania Niada, Silvia Picciolini, Anna Teresa Brini, Giovanni Camussi & Marzia Bedoni
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from a variety of stem cell sources are believed to harbour regenerativ (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from a variety of stem cell sources are believed to harbour regenerative capacity, which may be exploited for therapeutic purposes. Because of EV interaction with other soluble secreted factors, EV activity may depend on the employed purification method, which limits cross-study comparisons and therapeutic development. Raman spectroscopy (RS) is a quick and easy method to assess EV purity and composition, giving in-depth biochemical overview on EV preparation. Hereby, we show how this method can be used to characterise EVs isolated from human liver stem cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells by means of conventional ultracentrifugation (UC) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) protocols. The obtained EV preparations were demonstrated to be characterised by different degrees of purity and a specific Raman fingerprint that represents both the cell source and the isolation procedure used. Moreover, RS provided useful hints to explore the factors underlying the functional diversity of EV preparations from the same cell source, thus representing a valuable tool to assess EV quality prior to functional assays or therapeutic application. (hide)
EV-METRIC
62% (92nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
SEC + dUC + Filtration + Ultrafiltration + UF
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ Flotillin-1/ CD63
non-EV: Calnexin/ Calreticulin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development, Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods, Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Filtration steps
> 0.45 µm,
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
100
Membrane type
Not specified
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
120
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
HiPrep 16/60 Sephacryl S-400 HR
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, CD81, Flotillin-1
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin, Calreticulin
Characterization: Particle analysis
PMID previous EV particle analysis
Other
Extra particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
247 ± 68
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
Other particle analysis name(1)
Raman spectroscopy
EV180050 4/6 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant SEC
dUC
Filtration
Ultrafiltration
UF
Alice Gualerzi 2019 62%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Alice Gualerzi, Sander Alexander Antonius Kooijmans, Stefania Niada, Silvia Picciolini, Anna Teresa Brini, Giovanni Camussi & Marzia Bedoni
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from a variety of stem cell sources are believed to harbour regenerativ (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) from a variety of stem cell sources are believed to harbour regenerative capacity, which may be exploited for therapeutic purposes. Because of EV interaction with other soluble secreted factors, EV activity may depend on the employed purification method, which limits cross-study comparisons and therapeutic development. Raman spectroscopy (RS) is a quick and easy method to assess EV purity and composition, giving in-depth biochemical overview on EV preparation. Hereby, we show how this method can be used to characterise EVs isolated from human liver stem cells and bone marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells by means of conventional ultracentrifugation (UC) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) protocols. The obtained EV preparations were demonstrated to be characterised by different degrees of purity and a specific Raman fingerprint that represents both the cell source and the isolation procedure used. Moreover, RS provided useful hints to explore the factors underlying the functional diversity of EV preparations from the same cell source, thus representing a valuable tool to assess EV quality prior to functional assays or therapeutic application. (hide)
EV-METRIC
62% (92nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
SEC + dUC + Filtration + Ultrafiltration + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD63/ CD81/ Alix/ beta-actin/ Flotillin-1/ CD9
non-EV: Calnexin/ Calreticulin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development, Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods, Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
liver stem cells
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Filtration steps
> 0.45 µm,
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
100
Membrane type
Not specified
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
120
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
HiPrep 16/60 Sephacryl S-400 HR
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix, CD63, CD81, CD9, Flotillin-1, TSG101, beta-actin
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin, Calreticulin
Characterization: Particle analysis
PMID previous EV particle analysis
Other
Extra particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
228 ± 50
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
Other particle analysis name(1)
Raman spectroscopy
EV190020 1/3 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
dUC
Filtration
Density gradient
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Kyuno, Daisuke 2019 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Kyuno D, Zhao K, Schnölzer M, Provaznik J, Hackert T, Zöller M.
Journal
Int J Cancer
Abstract
Claudin7 (cld7) is a cancer-initiating cell (CIC) marker in gastrointestinal tumors, a cld7-knockdow (show more...)Claudin7 (cld7) is a cancer-initiating cell (CIC) marker in gastrointestinal tumors, a cld7-knockdown (kd) being accompanied by loss of tumor progression. Tumor-exosomes (TEX) restoring CIC activities, we explored the contribution of cld7. This became particularly interesting, as tight junction (TJ)- and glycolipid-enriched membrane domain (GEM)-derived cld7 is recruited into distinct TEX. TEX were derived from CIC or cld7kd cells of a rat pancreatic and a human colon cancer line. TEX derived from pancreatic cancer cld7kd cells rescued with palmitoylation site-deficient cld7 (cld7mP) allowed selectively evaluating the contribution of GEM-derived TEX, only palmitoylated cld7 being integrated into GEM. Cld7 CIC-TEX promoted tumor cell dissemination and metastatic growth without a major impact on proliferation, apoptosis resistance and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Instead, migration, invasion and (lymph)angiogenesis were strongly supported, only migration being selectively fostered by GEM-derived cld7 TEX. CIC-TEX coculture of cld7kd cells uncovered significant changes in the cld7kd cell protein and miRNA profiles. However, changes did not correspond to the CIC-TEX profile, CIC-TEX rather initiating integrin, protease and RTK, particularly lymphangiogenic receptor activation. CIC-TEX preferentially rescuing cld7kd-associated defects in signal transduction was backed up by an RTK inhibitor neutralizing the impact of CIC-TEX on tumor progression. In conclusion, cld7 contributes to selective steps of the metastatic cascade. Defects of cld7kd and cld7mP cells in migration, invasion and (lymph)angiogenesis are effaced by CIC-TEX that act by signaling cascade activation. Accordingly, RTK inhibitors are an efficient therapeutic defeating CIC-TEX. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (91st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + dUC + Filtration + Density gradient + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.15-1.56
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biogenesis/cargo sorting
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
SW948
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
50
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 45 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Density gradient
Density medium
Sucrose
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
3
Lowest density fraction
5%
Highest density fraction
40%
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
4
Sample volume (mL)
0.8
Orientation
Bottom-up
Rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
960
Fraction volume (mL)
1.28
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
50
Pelleting: duration (min)
150
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting-wash: volume per pellet (mL)
50
Pelleting-wash: duration (min)
150
Pelleting-wash: speed (g)
Type 45 Ti
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Proteomics database
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190020 2/3 Rattus norvegicus Cell culture supernatant DG
dUC
Filtration
Density gradient
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Kyuno, Daisuke 2019 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Kyuno D, Zhao K, Schnölzer M, Provaznik J, Hackert T, Zöller M.
Journal
Int J Cancer
Abstract
Claudin7 (cld7) is a cancer-initiating cell (CIC) marker in gastrointestinal tumors, a cld7-knockdow (show more...)Claudin7 (cld7) is a cancer-initiating cell (CIC) marker in gastrointestinal tumors, a cld7-knockdown (kd) being accompanied by loss of tumor progression. Tumor-exosomes (TEX) restoring CIC activities, we explored the contribution of cld7. This became particularly interesting, as tight junction (TJ)- and glycolipid-enriched membrane domain (GEM)-derived cld7 is recruited into distinct TEX. TEX were derived from CIC or cld7kd cells of a rat pancreatic and a human colon cancer line. TEX derived from pancreatic cancer cld7kd cells rescued with palmitoylation site-deficient cld7 (cld7mP) allowed selectively evaluating the contribution of GEM-derived TEX, only palmitoylated cld7 being integrated into GEM. Cld7 CIC-TEX promoted tumor cell dissemination and metastatic growth without a major impact on proliferation, apoptosis resistance and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Instead, migration, invasion and (lymph)angiogenesis were strongly supported, only migration being selectively fostered by GEM-derived cld7 TEX. CIC-TEX coculture of cld7kd cells uncovered significant changes in the cld7kd cell protein and miRNA profiles. However, changes did not correspond to the CIC-TEX profile, CIC-TEX rather initiating integrin, protease and RTK, particularly lymphangiogenic receptor activation. CIC-TEX preferentially rescuing cld7kd-associated defects in signal transduction was backed up by an RTK inhibitor neutralizing the impact of CIC-TEX on tumor progression. In conclusion, cld7 contributes to selective steps of the metastatic cascade. Defects of cld7kd and cld7mP cells in migration, invasion and (lymph)angiogenesis are effaced by CIC-TEX that act by signaling cascade activation. Accordingly, RTK inhibitors are an efficient therapeutic defeating CIC-TEX. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (91st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
exosome
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + dUC + Filtration + Density gradient + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.15-1.56
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biogenesis/cargo sorting
Sample
Species
Rattus norvegicus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
ASML
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
50
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 45 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Density gradient
Density medium
Sucrose
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
3
Lowest density fraction
5%
Highest density fraction
40%
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
4
Sample volume (mL)
0.8
Orientation
Bottom-up
Rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
960
Fraction volume (mL)
1.28
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
50
Pelleting: duration (min)
150
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting-wash: volume per pellet (mL)
50
Pelleting-wash: duration (min)
150
Pelleting-wash: speed (g)
Type 45 Ti
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Proteomics database
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV180060 1/NA Homo sapiens NA UF
Filtration
Ultrafiltration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial)
SEC
FC
dUC
Benedikter BJ 2019 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Benedikter BJ, Bouwman FG, Heinzmann ACA, Vajen T, Mariman EC, Wouters EFM, Savelkoul PHM, Koenen RR, Rohde GGU, van Oerle R, Spronk HM, Stassen FRM
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Airway epithelial cells secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs) under basal conditions and when exposed (show more...)Airway epithelial cells secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs) under basal conditions and when exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Getting insights into the composition of these EVs will help unravel their functions in homeostasis and smoking-induced pathology. Here, we characterized the proteomic composition of basal and CSE-induced airway epithelial EVs. BEAS-2B cells were left unexposed or exposed to 1% CSE for 24 h, followed by EV isolation using ultrafiltration and size exclusion chromatography. Isolated EVs were labelled with tandem mass tags and their proteomic composition was determined using nano-LC-MS/MS. Tissue factor (TF) activity was determined by a factor Xa generation assay, phosphatidylserine (PS) content by prothrombinase assay and thrombin generation using calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT). Nano-LC-MS/MS identified 585 EV-associated proteins with high confidence. Of these, 201 were differentially expressed in the CSE-EVs according to the moderated t-test, followed by false discovery rate (FDR) adjustment with the FDR threshold set to 0.1. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that 24 proteins of the pathway haemostasis were significantly up-regulated in CSE-EVs, including TF. Increased TF expression on CSE-EVs was confirmed by bead-based flow cytometry and was associated with increased TF activity. CSE-EVs caused faster and more thrombin generation in normal human plasma than control-EVs, which was partly TF-, but also PS-dependent. In conclusion, proteomic analysis allowed us to predict procoagulant properties of CSE-EVs which were confirmed in vitro. Cigarette smoke-induced EVs may contribute to the increased cardiovascular and respiratory risk observed in smokers. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (50th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
NA
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
UF + Filtration + Ultrafiltration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial) + SEC + FC + dUC
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ MFGE8/ CD81/ TF/ HSP70/ CD9
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
NA
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
BEAS-2B
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
0.5
Resin type
Sepharose CL-4B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
HSP70/ CD81/ MFGE8/ CD63
Flow cytometry specific beads
Detected EV-associated proteins
TF/ CD63/ CD81/ CD9
Proteomics database
Yes
Characterization: Lipid analysis
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
TRPS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
80-250
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Cryo-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Report size (nm)
70
EV180060 2/NA Homo sapiens NA UF
Filtration
Ultrafiltration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial)
SEC
FC
dUC
Benedikter BJ 2019 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Benedikter BJ, Bouwman FG, Heinzmann ACA, Vajen T, Mariman EC, Wouters EFM, Savelkoul PHM, Koenen RR, Rohde GGU, van Oerle R, Spronk HM, Stassen FRM
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Airway epithelial cells secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs) under basal conditions and when exposed (show more...)Airway epithelial cells secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs) under basal conditions and when exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Getting insights into the composition of these EVs will help unravel their functions in homeostasis and smoking-induced pathology. Here, we characterized the proteomic composition of basal and CSE-induced airway epithelial EVs. BEAS-2B cells were left unexposed or exposed to 1% CSE for 24 h, followed by EV isolation using ultrafiltration and size exclusion chromatography. Isolated EVs were labelled with tandem mass tags and their proteomic composition was determined using nano-LC-MS/MS. Tissue factor (TF) activity was determined by a factor Xa generation assay, phosphatidylserine (PS) content by prothrombinase assay and thrombin generation using calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT). Nano-LC-MS/MS identified 585 EV-associated proteins with high confidence. Of these, 201 were differentially expressed in the CSE-EVs according to the moderated t-test, followed by false discovery rate (FDR) adjustment with the FDR threshold set to 0.1. Functional enrichment analysis revealed that 24 proteins of the pathway haemostasis were significantly up-regulated in CSE-EVs, including TF. Increased TF expression on CSE-EVs was confirmed by bead-based flow cytometry and was associated with increased TF activity. CSE-EVs caused faster and more thrombin generation in normal human plasma than control-EVs, which was partly TF-, but also PS-dependent. In conclusion, proteomic analysis allowed us to predict procoagulant properties of CSE-EVs which were confirmed in vitro. Cigarette smoke-induced EVs may contribute to the increased cardiovascular and respiratory risk observed in smokers. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (50th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
NA
Sample origin
1% cigarette smoke extract
Focus vesicles
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
UF + Filtration + Ultrafiltration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial) + SEC + FC + dUC
Protein markers
EV: TF/ CD81/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biomarker/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
NA
Sample Condition
1% cigarette smoke extract
EV-producing cells
BEAS-2B
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
0.5
Resin type
Sepharose CL-4B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Flow cytometry specific beads
Detected EV-associated proteins
TF/ CD63/ CD81/ CD9
Proteomics database
Yes
Characterization: Lipid analysis
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
TRPS
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
80-250
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Cryo-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Report size (nm)
65
EV180009 3/3 Danio rerio Dissociated embryo IAF
dUC
Frederik J.Verweij 2019 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Frederik J.Verweij, Celine Revenu, Guillaume Arras, Florent Dingli, Damarys Loew, Michiel D.Pegtel, Gautier Follain, Guillaume Allio, Jacky G.Goetz, Pascale Zimmermann, Philippe Herbomel, Filippo Del Bene, GraçaRaposo, Guillaumevan Niel
Journal
Cell Press
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released by most cell types but providing evidence for their physio (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released by most cell types but providing evidence for their physiological relevance remains challenging due to a lack of appropriate model organisms. Here, we developed an in vivo model to study EV function by expressing CD63-pHluorin in zebrafish embryos. A combination of imaging methods and proteomic analysis allowed us to study biogenesis, composition, transfer, uptake, and fate of individual endogenous EVs. We identified a subpopulation of EVs with exosome features, released in a syntenin-dependent manner from the yolk syncytial layer into the blood circulation. These exosomes are captured, endocytosed, and degraded by patrolling macrophages and endothelial cells in the caudal vein plexus (CVP) in a scavenger receptor- and dynamin-dependent manner. Interference with exosome biogenesis affected CVP growth, suggesting a role in trophic support. Altogether, our work represents a system for studying endogenous EV function in vivo with high spatiotemporal accuracy, demonstrating functional inter-organ communication by exosomes. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (75th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Dissociated embryo
Sample origin
Overexpression of CD63-phluorin in yolk syncitial layer
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
IAF + dUC
Adj. k-factor
41.45 (pelleting) / 41.45 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function, Biogenesis/cargo sorting, Mechanism of uptake/transfer, New methodological development, Identification of content (omics approaches), Interorgan transfer of EVs in vivo
Sample
Species
Danio rerio
Sample Type
Dissociated embryo
Sample Condition
Overexpression of CD63-phluorin in yolk syncitial layer
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
60
Pelleting: rotor type
TLA-120.1
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
41.45
Wash: time (min)
60
Wash: Rotor Type
TLA-120.2
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
41.45
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Proteomics database
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
PMID previous EV particle analysis
Nanoparticle tracking analysis
Extra particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
108
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
860000000000
EM
EM-type
Immune-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Report size (nm)
60-200
Extra information
We have developed live cell imaging method to visualize and quantify exosome release (Verweij et al., JCB 2018). This method could be added to EV-track, e.g. as a measure to positively identify the endosomal origin of an EV population.
EV180082 10/10 Danio rerio Cell culture supernatant dUC
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Hyenne V 2019 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Hyenne V, Ghoroghi S, Collot M, Bons J, Follain G, Harlepp S, Mary B, Bauer J, Mercier L, Busnelli I, Lefebvre O, Fekonja N, Garcia-Leon MJ, Machado P, Delalande F, López AA, Silva SG, Verweij FJ, van Niel G, Djouad F, Peinado H, Carapito C, Klymchenko AS, Goetz JG.
Journal
Dev cell
Abstract
Tumor extracellular vesicles (EVs) mediate the communication between tumor and stromal cells mostly (show more...)Tumor extracellular vesicles (EVs) mediate the communication between tumor and stromal cells mostly to the benefit of tumor progression. Notably, tumor EVs travel in the bloodstream, reach distant organs, and locally modify the microenvironment. However, visualizing these events in vivo still faces major hurdles. Here, we describe an approach for tracking circulating tumor EVs in a living organism: we combine chemical and genetically encoded probes with the zebrafish embryo as an animal model. We provide a first description of tumor EVs hemodynamic behavior and document their intravascular arrest. We show that circulating tumor EVs are rapidly taken up by endothelial cells and blood patrolling macrophages and subsequently stored in degradative compartments. Finally, we demonstrate that tumor EVs activate macrophages and promote metastatic outgrowth. Overall, our study proves the usefulness and prospects of zebrafish embryo to track tumor EVs and dissect their role in metastatic niches formation in vivo. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (91st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function/New methodological development/Identification of content (omics approaches)/Mechanism of uptake/transfer
Sample
Species
Danio rerio
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
Zmel1
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 70 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
16
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 70 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
150
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Report size (nm)
90
EV180082 6/10 Mus musculus Cell culture supernatant DG
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Density gradient
dUC
Hyenne V 2019 56%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Hyenne V, Ghoroghi S, Collot M, Bons J, Follain G, Harlepp S, Mary B, Bauer J, Mercier L, Busnelli I, Lefebvre O, Fekonja N, Garcia-Leon MJ, Machado P, Delalande F, López AA, Silva SG, Verweij FJ, van Niel G, Djouad F, Peinado H, Carapito C, Klymchenko AS, Goetz JG.
Journal
Dev cell
Abstract
Tumor extracellular vesicles (EVs) mediate the communication between tumor and stromal cells mostly (show more...)Tumor extracellular vesicles (EVs) mediate the communication between tumor and stromal cells mostly to the benefit of tumor progression. Notably, tumor EVs travel in the bloodstream, reach distant organs, and locally modify the microenvironment. However, visualizing these events in vivo still faces major hurdles. Here, we describe an approach for tracking circulating tumor EVs in a living organism: we combine chemical and genetically encoded probes with the zebrafish embryo as an animal model. We provide a first description of tumor EVs hemodynamic behavior and document their intravascular arrest. We show that circulating tumor EVs are rapidly taken up by endothelial cells and blood patrolling macrophages and subsequently stored in degradative compartments. Finally, we demonstrate that tumor EVs activate macrophages and promote metastatic outgrowth. Overall, our study proves the usefulness and prospects of zebrafish embryo to track tumor EVs and dissect their role in metastatic niches formation in vivo. (hide)
EV-METRIC
56% (89th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Density gradient + dUC
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ TSG101
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.14
Show all info
Study aim
Function/New methodological development/Identification of content (omics approaches)/Mechanism of uptake/transfer
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
4T1
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
overnight (16h) at >=100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
16
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Density gradient
Only used for validation of main results
Yes
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Continuous
Lowest density fraction
5%
Highest density fraction
40%
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 28
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
3
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
microBCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ TSG101
Proteomics database
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190040 3/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (85th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
gag-EGFP
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
gag-EGFP
EV-producing cells
HEK293T
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
EV-subtype
Used subtypes
1.046 1.068 g/ml
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Lipid analysis
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
EV190040 8/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (85th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
primary fibroblasts
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Lipid analysis
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
EV190003 1/1 Homo sapiens Urine dUC
PEG precipitation
dUC
Sabaratnam R 2019 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Sabaratnam R, Geertsen L, Skjødt K, Hojlund K, Dimke H, Lund L, Svenningsen P.
Journal
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol
Abstract
Human urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) contain proteins from all nephron segments. An assumptio (show more...)Human urinary extracellular vesicles (uEVs) contain proteins from all nephron segments. An assumption for years has been that uEVs might provide a non-invasive liquid biopsy that reflect physiological regulation of transporter protein expression in human. We hypothesized that protein abundance in human kidney tissue and uEV are directly related and tested this in paired collections of nephrectomy tissue and urine sample from 12 patients. Kidney tissue was fractioned into total kidney protein, crude membrane (plasma membrane and large intracellular vesicles) and intracellular vesicle enriched fractions, as well as sections for immunolabelling. uEVs were isolated from spot urine samples. Antibodies were used to quantify 6 segment-specific proteins (proximal tubular expressed Na/Phosphate cotransporter NaPi-2a, thick ascending limb expressed Tamm-Horsfall protein and renal-outer-medullary K+channel ROMK, distal convoluted tubular expressed NaCl cotransporter NCC, intercalated cell expressed proton-pump subunit ATP6V1G3 and principal cell expressed aquaporin 2 (AQP2)) and 3 uEV markers (exosomal CD63, microvesicle marker VAMP3 and β-actin) in each fractions. By western blotting and immunofluorescence labelling, we found significant positive correlations between abundance of CD63, NCC, AQP2 and ATP6V1G3, respectively, within the different kidney-derived fractions. We detected all 9 proteins in uEVs, but their level did not correlate with kidney tissue protein abundance. The uEV protein levels showed higher inter-patient variability than the kidney-derived fractions, indicating that factors, besides kidney protein abundance, contribute to the uEV protein level. Our data suggest that, in a random sample of nephrectomy patients, uEV protein level is not a predictor of kidney protein abundance. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (90th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Urine
Sample origin
pre-nephrectomy
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC+ PEG precipitation + dUC
Protein markers
EV: SLC34A1/ VAMP3/ CD63/ beta-actin/ ROMK
non-EV: Tamm-Horsfall protein
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Urine
Sample Condition
pre-nephrectomy
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63/ VAMP3/ beta-actin/ SLC34A1/ ROMK
Detected contaminants
Tamm-Horsfall protein
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV180071 2/3 Homo sapiens Blood plasma SEC
UF
Ultrafiltration
Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial)
Brahmer A 2019 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Brahmer A, Neuberger E, Esch-Heisser L, Haller N, Jorgensen MM, Baek R, Möbius W, Simon P, Krämer-Albers EM.
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Physical activity initiates a wide range of multi-systemic adaptations that promote mental and physi (show more...)Physical activity initiates a wide range of multi-systemic adaptations that promote mental and physical health. Recent work demonstrated that exercise triggers the release of extracellular vesicles (EVs) into the circulation, possibly contributing to exercise-associated adaptive systemic signalling. Circulating EVs comprise a heterogeneous collection of different EV-subclasses released from various cell types. So far, a comprehensive picture of the parental and target cell types, EV-subpopulation diversity and functional properties of EVs released during exercise (ExerVs) is lacking. Here, we performed a detailed EV-phenotyping analysis to explore the cellular origin and potential subtypes of ExerVs. Healthy male athletes were subjected to an incremental cycling test until exhaustion and blood was drawn before, during, and immediately after the test. Analysis of total blood plasma by EV Array suggested endothelial and leukocyte characteristics of ExerVs. We further purified ExerVs from plasma by size exclusion chromatography as well as CD9-, CD63- or CD81-immunobead isolation to examine ExerV-subclass dynamics. EV-marker analysis demonstrated increasing EV-levels during cycling exercise, with highest levels at peak exercise in all EV-subclasses analysed. Phenotyping of ExerVs using a multiplexed flow-cytometry platform revealed a pattern of cell surface markers associated with ExerVs and identified lymphocytes (CD4, CD8), monocytes (CD14), platelets (CD41, CD42, CD62P), endothelial cells (CD105, CD146) and antigen presenting cells (MHC-II) as ExerV-parental cells. We conclude that multiple cell types associated with the circulatory system contribute to a pool of heterogeneous ExerVs, which may be involved in exercise-related signalling mechanisms and tissue crosstalk. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (90th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
RQ 0.9 during exercise
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
SEC + UF + Ultrafiltration + Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial)
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD31/ CD209/ CD326/ CD133/1/ CD8/ CD9/ CD49e/ CD81/ CD86/ Syntenin/ CD41b/ CD29/ CD63/ CD42a/ CD44/ CD20/ CD40/ Sarcoglycan-alpha/ CD24/ CD146/ CD69/ MHC2/ ROR1/ MHC1/ SSEA4/ CD105/ MCSP/ CD62p/ CD19/ CD142
non-EV: / ApoA1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biogenesis/cargo sorting/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
RQ 0.9 during exercise
Isolation Method
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
30
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Commercial kit
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD81/ TSG101/ CD9/ Syntenin/ CD41b/ CD63
Not detected EV-associated proteins
Sarcoglycan-alpha
Detected contaminants
ApoA1
Not detected contaminants
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63/ CD9/ CD81/ CD8/ CD19/ CD20/ CD24/ CD29/ CD31/ CD40/ CD41b/ CD42a/ CD44/ CD49e/ CD62p/ CD69/ CD86/ CD105/ CD133/1/ CD142/ CD146/ CD209/ CD326/ MHC1/ MHC2/ MCSP/ ROR1/ SSEA4
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV180071 3/3 Homo sapiens Blood plasma SEC
UF
Ultrafiltration
Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial)
Brahmer A 2019 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Brahmer A, Neuberger E, Esch-Heisser L, Haller N, Jorgensen MM, Baek R, Möbius W, Simon P, Krämer-Albers EM.
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Physical activity initiates a wide range of multi-systemic adaptations that promote mental and physi (show more...)Physical activity initiates a wide range of multi-systemic adaptations that promote mental and physical health. Recent work demonstrated that exercise triggers the release of extracellular vesicles (EVs) into the circulation, possibly contributing to exercise-associated adaptive systemic signalling. Circulating EVs comprise a heterogeneous collection of different EV-subclasses released from various cell types. So far, a comprehensive picture of the parental and target cell types, EV-subpopulation diversity and functional properties of EVs released during exercise (ExerVs) is lacking. Here, we performed a detailed EV-phenotyping analysis to explore the cellular origin and potential subtypes of ExerVs. Healthy male athletes were subjected to an incremental cycling test until exhaustion and blood was drawn before, during, and immediately after the test. Analysis of total blood plasma by EV Array suggested endothelial and leukocyte characteristics of ExerVs. We further purified ExerVs from plasma by size exclusion chromatography as well as CD9-, CD63- or CD81-immunobead isolation to examine ExerV-subclass dynamics. EV-marker analysis demonstrated increasing EV-levels during cycling exercise, with highest levels at peak exercise in all EV-subclasses analysed. Phenotyping of ExerVs using a multiplexed flow-cytometry platform revealed a pattern of cell surface markers associated with ExerVs and identified lymphocytes (CD4, CD8), monocytes (CD14), platelets (CD41, CD42, CD62P), endothelial cells (CD105, CD146) and antigen presenting cells (MHC-II) as ExerV-parental cells. We conclude that multiple cell types associated with the circulatory system contribute to a pool of heterogeneous ExerVs, which may be involved in exercise-related signalling mechanisms and tissue crosstalk. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (90th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
post exercise
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
SEC + UF + Ultrafiltration + Size-exclusion chromatography (non-commercial)
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD31/ CD209/ CD326/ CD133/1/ CD8/ CD9/ CD49e/ CD81/ CD86/ Syntenin/ CD41b/ CD29/ CD63/ CD42a/ CD44/ CD20/ CD40/ Sarcoglycan-alpha/ CD24/ CD146/ CD69/ MHC2/ ROR1/ MHC1/ SSEA4/ CD105/ MCSP/ CD62p/ CD19/ CD142
non-EV: / ApoA1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biogenesis/cargo sorting/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
post exercise
Isolation Method
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
30
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Commercial kit
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
10
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD81/ TSG101/ CD9/ Syntenin/ CD41b/ CD63
Not detected EV-associated proteins
Sarcoglycan-alpha
Detected contaminants
ApoA1
Not detected contaminants
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63/ CD9/ CD81/ CD8/ CD19/ CD20/ CD24/ CD29/ CD31/ CD40/ CD41b/ CD42a/ CD44/ CD49e/ CD62p/ CD69/ CD86/ CD105/ CD133/1/ CD142/ CD146/ CD209/ CD326/ MHC1/ MHC2/ MCSP/ ROR1/ SSEA4
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV190011 2/5 Mus musculus Cell culture supernatant dUC
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Cianciaruso C 2019 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Cianciaruso C, Beltraminelli T, Duval F, Nassiri S, Hamelin R, Mozes A, Gallart-Ayala H, Ceada Torres G, Torchia B, Ries CH, Ivanisevic J, De Palma M
Journal
Cell Rep
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, modulate multiple aspects of cancer biology. Tumor (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, modulate multiple aspects of cancer biology. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) secrete EVs, but their molecular features and functions are poorly characterized. Here, we report methodology for the enrichment, quantification, and proteomic and lipidomic analysis of EVs released from mouse TAMs (TAM-EVs). Compared to source TAMs, TAM-EVs present molecular profiles associated with a Th1/M1 polarization signature, enhanced inflammation and immune response, and a more favorable patient prognosis. Accordingly, enriched TAM-EV preparations promote T cell proliferation and activation ex vivo. TAM-EVs also contain bioactive lipids and biosynthetic enzymes, which may alter pro-inflammatory signaling in the cancer cells. Thus, whereas TAMs are largely immunosuppressive, their EVs may have the potential to stimulate, rather than limit, anti-tumor immunity. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (80th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ Alix/ CD9/ GAPDH
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Identification of content (omics approaches)/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
E0771
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum-containing, but physical separation of serum EVs and secreted EVs (e.g. Bioreactor flask)
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
110000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
35
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
134,000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD9/ GAPDH
Not detected EV-associated proteins
CD81
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV170031 1/1 Homo sapiens Serum dUC
Filtration
Ramanathan S 2019 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Ramanathan S, Douglas SR, Alexander GM, Shenoda BB, Barrett JE, Aradillas E, Sacan A, Ajit SK
Journal
J Transl Med
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic plasma exchange (PE) or plasmapheresis is an extracorporeal procedure employ (show more...)BACKGROUND: Therapeutic plasma exchange (PE) or plasmapheresis is an extracorporeal procedure employed to treat immunological disorders. Exosomes, nanosized vesicles of endosomal origin, mediate intercellular communication by transferring cargo proteins and nucleic acids and regulate many pathophysiological processes. Exosomal miRNAs are potential biomarkers due to their stability and dysregulation in diseases including complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), a chronic pain disorder with persistent inflammation. A previous study showed that a subset of CRPS patients responded to PE. METHODS: As a proof-of-concept, we investigated the PE-induced exosomal miRNA changes in six CRPS patients. Plasma cytokine levels were measured by HPLC and correlated with miRNA expression. Luciferase assay following co-transfection of HEK293 cells with target 3'UTR constructs and miRNA mimics was used to evaluate miRNA mediated gene regulation of target mRNA. Transient transfection of THP-1 cells with miRNA mimics followed by estimation of target gene and protein expression was used to validate the findings. RESULTS: Comparison of miRNAs in exosomes from the serum of three responders and three poor-responders showed that 17 miRNAs differed significantly before and after therapy. Of these, poor responders had lower exosomal hsa-miR-338-5p. We show that miR-338-5p can bind to the interleukin 6 (IL-6) 3' untranslated region and can regulate IL-6 mRNA and protein levels in vitro. PE resulted in a significant reduction of IL-6 in CRPS patients. CONCLUSIONS: We propose that lower pretreatment levels of miR-338-5p in poor responders are linked to IL-6 levels and inflammation in CRPS. Our data suggests the feasibility of exploring exosomal miRNAs as a strategy in patient stratification for maximizing therapeutic outcome of PE. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (93rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Complex regional pain syndrome
Focus vesicles
exosome
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
142.9 (pelleting) / 142.9 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ CD63
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Complex regional pain syndrome
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 50.2 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
110000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
142.9
Wash: time (min)
70
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 50.2 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
110000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
142.9
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Lowry-based assay
Western Blot
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
85.7
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
394000000000
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM/ Immune-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190020 3/3 Rattus norvegicus Cell culture supernatant DG
dUC
Filtration
Density gradient
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Kyuno, Daisuke 2019 43%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Kyuno D, Zhao K, Schnölzer M, Provaznik J, Hackert T, Zöller M.
Journal
Int J Cancer
Abstract
Claudin7 (cld7) is a cancer-initiating cell (CIC) marker in gastrointestinal tumors, a cld7-knockdow (show more...)Claudin7 (cld7) is a cancer-initiating cell (CIC) marker in gastrointestinal tumors, a cld7-knockdown (kd) being accompanied by loss of tumor progression. Tumor-exosomes (TEX) restoring CIC activities, we explored the contribution of cld7. This became particularly interesting, as tight junction (TJ)- and glycolipid-enriched membrane domain (GEM)-derived cld7 is recruited into distinct TEX. TEX were derived from CIC or cld7kd cells of a rat pancreatic and a human colon cancer line. TEX derived from pancreatic cancer cld7kd cells rescued with palmitoylation site-deficient cld7 (cld7mP) allowed selectively evaluating the contribution of GEM-derived TEX, only palmitoylated cld7 being integrated into GEM. Cld7 CIC-TEX promoted tumor cell dissemination and metastatic growth without a major impact on proliferation, apoptosis resistance and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Instead, migration, invasion and (lymph)angiogenesis were strongly supported, only migration being selectively fostered by GEM-derived cld7 TEX. CIC-TEX coculture of cld7kd cells uncovered significant changes in the cld7kd cell protein and miRNA profiles. However, changes did not correspond to the CIC-TEX profile, CIC-TEX rather initiating integrin, protease and RTK, particularly lymphangiogenic receptor activation. CIC-TEX preferentially rescuing cld7kd-associated defects in signal transduction was backed up by an RTK inhibitor neutralizing the impact of CIC-TEX on tumor progression. In conclusion, cld7 contributes to selective steps of the metastatic cascade. Defects of cld7kd and cld7mP cells in migration, invasion and (lymph)angiogenesis are effaced by CIC-TEX that act by signaling cascade activation. Accordingly, RTK inhibitors are an efficient therapeutic defeating CIC-TEX. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (hide)
EV-METRIC
43% (76th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
claudin 7 knockdown
Focus vesicles
exosome
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + dUC + Filtration + Density gradient + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.15-1.56
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biogenesis/cargo sorting
Sample
Species
Rattus norvegicus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
claudin 7 knockdown
EV-producing cells
ASML
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
50
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
Type 45 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Density gradient
Density medium
Sucrose
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
3
Lowest density fraction
5%
Highest density fraction
40%
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
4
Sample volume (mL)
0.8
Orientation
Bottom-up
Rotor type
SW 41 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
960
Fraction volume (mL)
1.28
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
50
Pelleting: duration (min)
150
Pelleting: rotor type
Type 45 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Pelleting-wash: volume per pellet (mL)
50
Pelleting-wash: duration (min)
150
Pelleting-wash: speed (g)
Type 45 Ti
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV170033 2/2 Homo sapiens Blood plasma SEC Roura S 2019 42%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Roura S, Gámez-Valero A, Lupón J, Gálvez-Montón C, Borràs FE, Bayes-Genis A.
Journal
Lab Invest.
Abstract
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains a major cause of heart failure and carries a poor prognosis des (show more...)Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains a major cause of heart failure and carries a poor prognosis despite important advances in recent years. Better disease characterization using novel molecular techniques is needed to refine its progression. This study explored the proteomic signature of plasma-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) obtained from DCM patients and healthy controls using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). EV-enriched fractions were analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Raw data obtained from LC-MS/MS were analyzed against the Uniprot human database using MaxQuant software. Additional analyses using Perseus software were based on the Intensity-Based Absolute Quantification (iBAQ) values from MaxQuant analyses. A total of 90.07 ± 21 proteins (227 different proteins) in the DCM group and 96.52 ± 17.91 proteins (183 different proteins) in the control group were identified. A total of 176 proteins (74.6%) were shared by controls and DCM patients, whereas 51 proteins were exclusive for the DCM group and 7 proteins were exclusive for the control group. Fibrinogen (α, β and γ chain), serotransferrin, α-1-antitrypsin, and a variety of apolipoprotein family members (C-I, C-III, D, H or β-2-glycoprotein, and J or clusterin) were clustered in SEC-EVs derived from DCM patients relative to controls (p < 0.05). Regarding Gene Ontology analysis, response to stress and protein activation-related proteins were enriched in DCM-EVs compared with controls. Thus, the present study reports the distinct proteomic signature of circulating DCM-EVs compared with control-EVs. Furthermore, we confirm that SEC obtains highly purified EV fractions from peripheral blood samples for subsequent use in determining disease-specific proteomic signatures. (hide)
EV-METRIC
42% (85th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
dilated cardiomyopathy
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
SEC
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker, Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
dilated cardiomyopathy
Isolation Method
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
15
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
PMID previous EV protein analysis
Flow cytometry (after non-specific association of
Extra characterization
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Proteomics database
No
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Size range/distribution
Reported size (nm)
80-200
EM
EM-type
Cryo-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190012 1/3 Mus musculus Cell culture supernatant Filtration
dUC
DC
FC
qEV
UF
Vu LT 2019 38%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Vu LT, Peng B, Zhang DX, Ma V, Mathey-Andrews CA, Lam CK, Kiomourtzis T, Jin J, McReynolds L, Huang L, Grimson A, Cho WC, Lieberman J, Le MT.
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Tumour cells release large quantities of extracellular vesicles (EVs) to mediate their interactions (show more...)Tumour cells release large quantities of extracellular vesicles (EVs) to mediate their interactions with other cells in the tumour microenvironment. To identify host cells that naturally take up EVs from tumour cells, we created breast cancer cell lines secreting fluorescent EVs. These fluorescent EVs are taken up most robustly by fibroblasts within the tumour microenvironment. RNA sequencing indicated that miR-125b is one of the most abundant microRNAs secreted by mouse triple-negative breast cancer 4T1 and 4TO7 cells. Treatment with 4T1 EVs leads to an increase in fibroblast activation in isogenic 4TO7 tumours, which is reversed by blocking miR-125b in 4T1 EVs; hence, miR-125b delivery by EVs is responsible for fibroblast activation in mouse tumour models. miR-125b is also secreted by human breast cancer cells and the uptake of EVs from these cells significantly increases cellular levels of miR-125b and expression of multiple cancer-associated fibroblast markers in resident fibroblasts. Overexpression of miR-125b in both mouse and human fibroblasts leads to an activated phenotype similar to the knockdown of established miR-125b target mRNAs. These data indicate that miR-125b is transferred through EVs from breast cancer cells to normal fibroblasts within the tumour microenvironment and contributes to their development into cancer-associated fibroblasts. (hide)
EV-METRIC
38% (74th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Filtration + dUC + DC + FC + qEV + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ Alix/ CD63
non-EV: Beta-Actin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
4T1
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Filtration steps
0.45µm > x > 0.22µm,
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
Not spec
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Commercial kit
qEV
Density cushion
Density medium
Sucrose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
TSG101/ Alix
Not detected contaminants
Beta-Actin
Flow cytometry specific beads
Selected surface protein(s)
CD63
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
After
RNAse type
RNase A
RNAse concentration
50 U
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
120
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV190008 2/2 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant ExoQuick
Filtration
dUC
Duong N 2019 38%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Duong N, Curley K, Brown A, Campanelli A, Do MA, Levy D, Tantry A, Marriott G, Lu B.
Journal
Nanomedicine
Abstract
Background: Exosomes are ubiquitous naturally secreted stable nanovesicles that can be engineered to (show more...)Background: Exosomes are ubiquitous naturally secreted stable nanovesicles that can be engineered to target and deliver novel therapeutics to treat a host of human diseases. Methods: We engineered the surfaces of cell-derived nanovesicles to act as decoys in the treatment of inflammation by antagonizing the major proinflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα). Results: Decoy exosomes were generated by displaying the TNFα binding domain of human TNF receptor-1 (hTNFR1) on the outer surface of exosomes using stably transfected HEK293 cells. We developed an efficient method to purify the engineered exosomes from conditioned medium based on sequential centrifugation, ultrafiltration, and precipitation. We characterized decoy exosomes using immune-quantification, nanoparticle tracking analysis, and confocal microscopy to confirm that they retain the correct orientation, size, and shape of naturally produced exosomes. We demonstrated the engineered decoy exosomes specifically antagonize activities of TNFα using an inflammatory reporter cell line. Conclusions: Decoy exosomes produced in human cells serve as a novel biologic reagent for antagonizing inflammatory signaling mediated by TNFα. (hide)
EV-METRIC
38% (74th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
TNFalpha-CD63-GFP overexpressing
Focus vesicles
exosome
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
ExoQuick + Filtration + dUC
Protein markers
EV: / TSG101/ CD63/ CD81/ Alix/ ICAM/ Flotillin1/ HSP70
non-EV: / GM130
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
TNFalpha-CD63-GFP overexpressing
EV-producing cells
HEK 293
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Commercial kit
ExoQuick
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Other;UV-Vis Microvolume Spectrophotometer
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Not detected contaminants
ELISA
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flow cytometry
Type of Flow cytometry
Calibration bead size
Detected EV-associated proteins
Other 1
Dot blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ Alix/ CD63/ ICAM/ TSG101/ HSP70/ CD81
Not detected contaminants
GM130
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
46
EV180025 1/3 Homo sapiens Blood plasma SEC Gámez-Valero A 2019 37%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gámez-Valero A, Campdelacreu J, Reñé R, Beyer K, Borràs FE.
Journal
Sci Rep
Abstract
Proteins and nucleic acids contained in extracellular vesicles (EVs) are considered a feasible sourc (show more...)Proteins and nucleic acids contained in extracellular vesicles (EVs) are considered a feasible source of putative biomarkers for physiological and pathological conditions. Within the nervous system, not only neurons but also other brain cells are able to produce EVs, which have been involved in their physiological processes and also in the development and course of several neurodegenerative diseases. Among these, dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is the second cause of dementia worldwide, though most cases are missed or misdiagnosed as Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to the important clinical and pathological overlap between both diseases. In an attempt to find reliable biomarkers for DLB diagnosis, our group characterized the proteome of plasma-derived EVs from DLB patients compared to aged-matched healthy controls (HCs) using two different proteomic LC-MS/MS approaches. Remarkably, we found that gelsolin and butyrylcholinesterase were differentially identified between DLB and HCs. Further validation of these results using conventional ELISA techniques, and including an additional group of AD patients, pointed to decreased levels of gelsolin in plasma-EVs from DLB compared to HCs and to AD samples. Thus, gelsolin may be considered a possible biomarker for the differentiation between DLB and AD. (hide)
EV-METRIC
37% (81st percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
SEC
Protein markers
EV: CD81/ CD63/ CD9/ CD5L
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Control condition
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Size-exclusion chromatography
Total column volume (mL)
15
Sample volume/column (mL)
2
Resin type
Sepharose CL-2B
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
ELISA
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Proteomics database
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Cryo-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190051 1/4 Homo sapiens Serum miRCURY Stefanie Hermann 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Stefanie Hermann, Dominik Buschmann, Benedikt Kirchner, Melanie Borrmann, Florian Brandes, Stefan Kotschote, Michael Bonin, Anja Lindemann, Marlene Reithmair, Gustav Schelling, Michael W. Pfaffl
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play central physiological and pathophysiological roles in intercellula (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play central physiological and pathophysiological roles in intercellular communication. Biomarker studies addressing disorders such as cardiovascular diseases often focus on circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) and may, depending on the type of disease and clinic routine, utilise patient specimens sampled from arterial or venous blood vessels. Thus, it is essential to test whether circulating miRNA profiles depend on the respective sampling site. We assessed potential differences in arterial and venous cell-free miRNA profiles in a cohort of 20 patients scheduled for cardiac surgery. Prior to surgery, blood was simultaneously sampled from the radial artery and the internal jugular vein. After precipitating crude EVs, we performed small RNA Sequencing, which failed to detect significantly regulated miRNAs using stringent filtering criteria for differential expression analysis. Filtering with less strict criteria, we detected four miRNAs slightly upregulated in arterial samples, one of which could be validated by reverse transcription real-time PCR. The applicability of these findings to purified arterial and venous EVs was subsequently tested in a subset of the initial study population. While an additional clean-up step using size-exclusion chromatography seemed to reduce overall miRNA yield compared to crude EV samples, no miRNAs with differential arteriovenous expression were detected. Unsupervised clustering approaches were unable to correctly classify samples drawn from arteries or veins based on miRNAs in either crude or purified preparations. Particle characterisation of crude preparations as well as characterisation of EV markers in purified EVs resulted in highly similar characteristics for arterial and venous samples. With the exception of specific pathologies (e.g. severe pulmonary disorders), arterial versus venous blood sampling should therefore not represent a likely confounder when studying differentially expressed circulating miRNAs. The use of either arterial or venous serum EV samples should result in highly similar data on miRNA expression profiles for the majority of biomarker studies. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (83rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
arterial blood, cardiac surgery
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
miRCURY
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
arterial blood, cardiac surgery
Isolation Method
Commercial kit
miRCURY
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
113.2 ± 8.30
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190051 3/4 Homo sapiens Serum miRCURY Stefanie Hermann 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Stefanie Hermann, Dominik Buschmann, Benedikt Kirchner, Melanie Borrmann, Florian Brandes, Stefan Kotschote, Michael Bonin, Anja Lindemann, Marlene Reithmair, Gustav Schelling, Michael W. Pfaffl
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play central physiological and pathophysiological roles in intercellula (show more...)Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play central physiological and pathophysiological roles in intercellular communication. Biomarker studies addressing disorders such as cardiovascular diseases often focus on circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) and may, depending on the type of disease and clinic routine, utilise patient specimens sampled from arterial or venous blood vessels. Thus, it is essential to test whether circulating miRNA profiles depend on the respective sampling site. We assessed potential differences in arterial and venous cell-free miRNA profiles in a cohort of 20 patients scheduled for cardiac surgery. Prior to surgery, blood was simultaneously sampled from the radial artery and the internal jugular vein. After precipitating crude EVs, we performed small RNA Sequencing, which failed to detect significantly regulated miRNAs using stringent filtering criteria for differential expression analysis. Filtering with less strict criteria, we detected four miRNAs slightly upregulated in arterial samples, one of which could be validated by reverse transcription real-time PCR. The applicability of these findings to purified arterial and venous EVs was subsequently tested in a subset of the initial study population. While an additional clean-up step using size-exclusion chromatography seemed to reduce overall miRNA yield compared to crude EV samples, no miRNAs with differential arteriovenous expression were detected. Unsupervised clustering approaches were unable to correctly classify samples drawn from arteries or veins based on miRNAs in either crude or purified preparations. Particle characterisation of crude preparations as well as characterisation of EV markers in purified EVs resulted in highly similar characteristics for arterial and venous samples. With the exception of specific pathologies (e.g. severe pulmonary disorders), arterial versus venous blood sampling should therefore not represent a likely confounder when studying differentially expressed circulating miRNAs. The use of either arterial or venous serum EV samples should result in highly similar data on miRNA expression profiles for the majority of biomarker studies. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (83rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
venous blood, cardiac surgery
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
miRCURY
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
venous blood, cardiac surgery
Isolation Method
Commercial kit
miRCURY
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
117.15 ± 6.20
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190031 1/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
M81 EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
M81 EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
DLS
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
132.1
EV190031 2/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
M81/∆E1 EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
M81/∆E1 EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190031 3/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
M81/∆E2 EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
M81/∆E2 EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190031 4/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
M81/∆E1+2 EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
M81/∆E1+2 EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190031 5/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
M81/∆E1+2/∆ZR EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
M81/∆E1+2/∆ZR EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190031 6/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
M81/∆ZR EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
M81/∆ZR EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190031 7/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
B95-8 EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
B95-8 EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190031 8/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
B95-8/∆E1 EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
B95-8/∆E1 EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190031 9/9 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Z 2019 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Z, Tsai MH, Shumilov A, Baccianti F, Tsao SW, Poirey R, Delecluse HJ.
Journal
Nat Microbiol.
Abstract
The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontane (show more...)The Epstein-Barr virus M81 strain, isolated from a nasopharyngeal carcinoma, induces potent spontaneous virus production in infected B cells. We found that the M81 non-coding Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA EBER2, which carries polymorphisms that are mainly restricted to viruses found in endemic nasopharyngeal carcinomas, markedly stimulated this process. M81 EBER2 increased CXCL8 expression, and this chemokine enhanced spontaneous lytic replication levels in M81-infected B cells. Both events resulted from the endocytosis of extracellular vesicles containing EBER2 that were generated by neighbouring M81-infected B cells, thereby generating a paracrine loop. These effects were strictly dependent on a functional Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a sensor of single-stranded RNA located in the endosome of these cells. These unique properties of M81 EBER2 could be ascribed to its unusually high expression level and to the ability of its single-stranded region to activate TLR7; both of these properties were dependent on M81-specific polymorphisms. Thus, M81 induced chronic inflammation in its target cells and this resulted in increased virus production. These observations provide a mechanistic molecular link between M81 virus replication-a central viral function and a cancer risk factor-and the production of a chemokine involved in inflammation and carcinogenesis. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (68th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Akata EBV-infected
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ Flotillin1
non-EV: Calnexin/ Apolipoprotein A1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Akata EBV-infected
EV-producing cells
B cells
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
70
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Used subtypes
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin/ APOA1
Characterization: RNA analysis
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
RNAse type
RNAse concentration
Characterization: Particle analysis
EV190033 2/2 Homo sapiens Blood plasma dUC
Filtration
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Filtration
Li Min 2019 29%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Li Min, Shengtao Zhu, Lei Chen, Xiang Liu, Rui Wei, Libo Zhao, Yuqing Yang, Zheng Zhang, Guanyi Kong, Peng Li & Shutian Zhang
Journal
J Extracell Vesicles
Abstract
Early diagnosis of colon cancer (CC) is clinically important, as it can significantly improve patien (show more...)Early diagnosis of colon cancer (CC) is clinically important, as it can significantly improve patients’ survival rate and quality of life. Although the potential role for small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) in early detection of many diseases has been repeatedly mentioned, systematic screening of plasma sEVs derived early CC specific biomarkers has not yet been reported. In this work, plasma sEVs enriched fractions were derived from 15 early-stage (TisN0M0) CC patients and 10 normal controls (NC). RNA sequencing identified a total number of 95 sEVs enriched fraction derived miRNAs with differential expression between CC and NC, most of which (60/95) was in well accordance with tissue results in the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. Among those miRNAs, we selected let-7b-3p, miR-139-3p, miR-145-3p, and miR-150-3p for further validation in an independent cohort consisting of 134 participants (58 CC and 76 NC). In the validation cohort, the AUC of 4 individual miRNAs ranged from 0.680 to 0.792. A logistic model combining two miRNAs (i.e. let-7b-3p and miR-145-3p) achieved an AUC of 0.901. Adding the 3rd miRNA into this model can further increase the AUC to 0.927. Side by side comparison revealed that sEVs miRNA profile outperformed cell-free plasma miRNA in the diagnosis of early CC. In conclusion, we suggested that circulating sEVs enriched fractions have a distinct miRNA profile in CC patients, and sEVs derived miRNA could be used as a promising biomarker to detect CC at an early stage. (hide)
EV-METRIC
29% (70th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
early-stage colorectal cancer
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration + (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Filtration
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
early-stage colorectal cancer
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Equal to or above 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
240
Pelleting: rotor type
P50AT2-986
Pelleting: speed (g)
150000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
1
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
P50A3-0099
Wash: speed (g)
150000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Not detected contaminants
Characterization: RNA analysis
Proteinase treatment
Moment of Proteinase treatment
After
Proteinase type
Proteinase K
Proteinase concentration
100
RNAse treatment
Moment of RNAse treatment
After
RNAse type
RNase A
RNAse concentration
0.01
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Report size (nm)
EV concentration
EV180070 2/5 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
Ultrafiltration
dUC
UF
Balducci E 2019 29%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Balducci E, Leroyer AS, Lacroix R, Robert S, Todorova D, Simoncini S, Lyonnet L, Chareyre C, Zaegel-Faucher O, Micallef J, Poizot-Martin I, Roll P, Dignat-George F.
Journal
Sci Rep
Abstract
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection promotes a generalized activation of host resp (show more...)Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection promotes a generalized activation of host responses that involves not only CD4 T cells, but also cells of the microenvironment, which are not directly infected, such as endothelial cells. The mechanisms triggering HIV-1-associated vascular alterations remain poorly understood. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), implicated in cell-to-cell communication, have been recently described as carriers of microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, we show that miR-146b-5p is upregulated in both CD4 T cells, CD4 T cell-derived EVs and circulating EVs obtained from antiretroviral therapy-naive HIV-1-infected patients. We further demonstrate that EVs from T cell line overexpressing miR-146b-5p mimics (miR-146b-EVs): 1) protect their miRNA cargo from RNase degradation, 2) transfer miR-146b-5p mimics into endothelial cells and 3) reduce endothelial inflammatory responses in vitro and in vivo in the lungs of mice through the downregulation of nuclear factor-κB-responsive molecules. These data advance our understanding on chronic inflammatory responses affecting endothelial homeostasis, in infectious and non-infectious diseases and pave the way for potential new anti-inflammatory strategies. (hide)
EV-METRIC
29% (60th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
T cells derived from HIV-1-infected patient
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation + Ultrafiltration + dUC + UF
Protein markers
EV: CD45/ CD4/ TCRalfabeta/ / CD3
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Mechanism of uptake/transfer/Identification of content (omics approaches)
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
T cells derived from HIV-1-infected patient
EV-producing cells
primary CD4 T cells
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum-containing medium
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
100
Membrane type
Polyethersulfone (PES)
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Flow cytometry
Type of Flow cytometry
3-laser Navios flow cytometer (Beckman-Coulter)
Calibration bead size
0.1-0.9
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD45/ CD3/ CD4
Not detected EV-associated proteins