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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, separation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type separation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV190089 1/1 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC Guowen Hu 2020 56%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Guowen Hu, Yuguo Xia, Juntao Zhang, Yu Chen, Ji Yuan, Xin Niu, Bizeng Zhao, Qing Li, Yang Wang, Zhifeng Deng
Journal
Advanced Science
Abstract
Vascular dementia (VD) is one of the most common types of dementia, however, the intrinsic mechanism (show more...)Vascular dementia (VD) is one of the most common types of dementia, however, the intrinsic mechanism is unclear and there is still lack of effective medications. In this study, the VD rats exhibit a progressive cognitive impairment, as well as a time‐related increasing in hippocampal neural stem cells (H‐NSCs) senescence, lost and neurogenesis decline. Then, embryonic stem cell‐derived small extracellular vesicles (ESC‐sEVs) are intravenously injected into VD rats. ESC‐sEVs treatment significantly alleviates H‐NSCs senescence, recovers compromised proliferation and neuron differentiation capacity, and reverses cognitive impairment. By microarray analysis and RT‐qPCR it is identified that several miRNAs including miR‐17‐5p, miR‐18a‐5p, miR‐21‐5p, miR‐29a‐3p, and let‐7a‐5p, that can inhibit mTORC1 activation, exist in ESC‐sEVs. ESC‐sEVs rejuvenate H‐NSCs senescence partly by transferring these miRNAs to inhibit mTORC1 activation, promote transcription factor EB (TFEB) nuclear translocation and lysosome resumption. Taken together, these data indicate that H‐NSCs senescence cause cell depletion, neurogenesis reduction, and cognitive impairment in VD. ESC‐sEVs treatment ameliorates H‐NSCs senescence by inhibiting mTORC1 activation, and promoting TFEB nuclear translocation and lysosome resumption, thereby reversing senescence‐related neurogenesis dysfunction and cognitive impairment in VD. The application of ESC‐sEVs may be a novel cell‐free therapeutic tool for patients with VD, as well as other aging‐related diseases. (hide)
EV-METRIC
56% (89th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: GM130
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Biogenesis/cargo sorting
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
Embryonic stem cells
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
114
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
38.5
Wash: time (min)
114
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 32 Ti
Wash: speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
BCA
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ TSG101
Not detected contaminants
GM130
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