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You searched for: EV190040 (EV-TRACK ID)

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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV190040 1/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 88%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
88% (98th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
gag-EGFP
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ p24/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
gag-EGFP
EV-producing cells
HEK293T
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ syntenin-1/ TSG101/ Alix/ CD81
ELISA
Detected EV-associated proteins
p24
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
108.6
EV concentration
Yes
Particle analysis: flow cytometry
Flow cytometer type
High resolution flow cytometry
Hardware adjustment
200 mW 488 nm laser (Sapphire; Coherent, Santa Clara, CA, USA) and a large-bore nozzle (140 m) were used, sheath pressure was permanently monitored and kept within 4.89 to 5.02 psi, and the sample pressure was set at 4.29 psi, to assure an identical diameter of the core in the jet stream. Forward scattered light was measured with a collection angle of 1525 (reduced wide-angle forward scatter [rw-FSC]).
Calibration bead size
0.102
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Immuno-EM/ Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 2/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 88%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
88% (98th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
gag-EGFP
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ p24/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
gag-EGFP
EV-producing cells
HEK293T
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ syntenin-1/ TSG101/ Alix/ CD81
ELISA
Detected EV-associated proteins
p24
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
108.6
EV concentration
Yes
Particle analysis: flow cytometry
Flow cytometer type
High resolution flow cytometry
Hardware adjustment
200 mW 488 nm laser (Sapphire; Coherent, Santa Clara, CA, USA) and a large-bore nozzle (140 m) were used, sheath pressure was permanently monitored and kept within 4.89 to 5.02 psi, and the sample pressure was set at 4.29 psi, to assure an identical diameter of the core in the jet stream. Forward scattered light was measured with a collection angle of 1525 (reduced wide-angle forward scatter [rw-FSC]).
Calibration bead size
0.102
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Immuno-EM/ Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 5/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 88%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
88% (98th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
mock
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ Flotillin1/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
mock
EV-producing cells
HEK293T
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Size-exclusion chromatography
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ Alix/ syntenin-1/ CD9/ TSG101/ CD81
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 6/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 88%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
88% (98th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
mock
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ Flotillin1/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
mock
EV-producing cells
HEK293T
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Size-exclusion chromatography
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ Alix/ syntenin-1/ CD9/ TSG101/ CD81
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 9/12 Homo sapiens Blood plasma DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 88%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
88% (99th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ Flotillin1/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Control condition
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Sizeexclusion chromatography
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ Alix/ syntenin-1/ TSG101/ CD9/ CD81
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
105
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 10/12 Homo sapiens Blood plasma DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 88%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
88% (99th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Blood plasma
Sample origin
Breast cancer
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ Flotillin1/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Blood plasma
Sample Condition
Breast cancer
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ Alix/ syntenin-1/ TSG101/ CD9/ CD81
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
100
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 11/12 Homo sapiens Urine DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 88%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
88% (99th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Urine
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ Flotillin1/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Urine
Sample Condition
Control condition
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
0.8
Orientation
Bottom-up
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ CD9/ syntenin-1/ TSG101/ Alix/ CD81
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
105
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 12/12 Mus musculus Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 88%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
88% (98th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ Flotillin1/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
4T1
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted medium
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ Alix/ CD9/ syntenin-1/ TSG101/ CD81
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Modus
Reported size (nm)
103
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 4/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 75%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
75% (96th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
gag-EGFP
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ CD81/ Alix/ Flotillin1/ CD9/ syntenin-1
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
gag-EGFP
EV-producing cells
HEK293T
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
EV-subtype
Used subtypes
1.076 1.088 g/ml
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Flotillin1/ Alix/ CD9/ TSG101/ syntenin-1/ CD81
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 7/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (94th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.076 1.088 g/ml
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
MCF7
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Only used for validation of main results
Yes
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
11
Lowest density fraction
6
Highest density fraction
18
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
15
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
186700
Duration (min)
116
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
EV-subtype
Distinction between multiple subtypes
Density
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV190040 3/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (85th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
gag-EGFP
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
gag-EGFP
EV-producing cells
HEK293T
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
EV-subtype
Used subtypes
1.046 1.068 g/ml
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Lipid analysis
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
EV190040 8/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
UF
Geeurickx E 2019 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Geeurickx E, Tulkens J, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, Lippens L, Vergauwen G, Heyrman E, De Sutter D, Gevaert K, Impens F, Miinalainen I, Van Bockstal PJ, De Beer T, Wauben MHM, Nolte-'t-Hoen ENM, Bloch K, Swinnen JV, van der Pol E, Nieuwland R, Braems G, Callewaert N, Mestdagh P, Vandesompele J, Denys H, Eyckerman S, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Journal
Nat Commun
Abstract
Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological (show more...)Recent years have seen an increase of extracellular vesicle (EV) research geared towards biological understanding, diagnostics and therapy. However, EV data interpretation remains challenging owing to complexity of biofluids and technical variation introduced during sample preparation and analysis. To understand and mitigate these limitations, we generated trackable recombinant EV (rEV) as a biological reference material. Employing complementary characterization methods, we demonstrate that rEV are stable and bear physical and biochemical traits characteristic of sample EV. Furthermore, rEV can be quantified using fluorescence-, RNA- and protein-based technologies available in routine laboratories. Spiking rEV in biofluids allows recovery efficiencies of commonly implemented EV separation methods to be identified, intra-method and inter-user variability induced by sample handling to be defined, and to normalize and improve sensitivity of EV enumerations. We anticipate that rEV will aid EV-based sample preparation and analysis, data normalization, method development and instrument calibration in various research and biomedical applications. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (85th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + UF
Protein markers
EV:
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.086-1.119
Show all info
Study aim
New methodological development/Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Control condition
EV-producing cells
primary fibroblasts
EV-harvesting Medium
Serum free medium
Cell viability
Yes
Cell viability (%)
Yes
Isolation Method
Density gradient
Density medium
Iodixanol
Type
Discontinuous
Number of initial discontinuous layers
4
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
40
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
16.5
Sample volume (mL)
1
Orientation
Top-down
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
100000
Duration (min)
1080
Fraction volume (mL)
1
Fraction processing
Centrifugation
Pelleting: volume per fraction
16
Pelleting: duration (min)
180
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
100000
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
10
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,...)
Proteomics database
Yes:
Characterization: Lipid analysis
Yes
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Not Reported
EV concentration
Yes
1 - 12 of 12
  • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
  • DG = density gradient
  • UF = ultrafiltration
  • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
EV-TRACK ID
EV190040
species
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
Mus
musculus
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
Homo
sapiens
sample type
Cell
culture
Cell
culture
Cell
culture
Cell
culture
Blood
plasma
Blood
plasma
Urine
Cell
culture
Cell
culture
Cell
culture
Cell
culture
Cell
culture
cell type
HEK293T
HEK293T
HEK293T
HEK293T
NA
NA
NA
4T1
HEK293T
MCF7
HEK293T
primary
fibroblasts
medium
Serum
free
medium
Serum
free
medium
Serum
free
medium
Serum
free
medium
NA
NA
NA
EV-depleted
medium
Serum
free
medium
Serum
free
medium
Serum
free
medium
Serum
free
medium
condition
gag-EGFP
gag-EGFP
mock
mock
Control
condition
Breast
cancer
Control
condition
Control
condition
gag-EGFP
Control
condition
gag-EGFP
Control
condition
isolation protocol
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
DG
UF
EV subtype
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
NA
1.076
1.088
g/ml
NA
1.046
1.068
g/ml
NA
Exp. nr.
1
2
5
6
9
10
11
12
4
7
3
8
EV-METRIC %
88
88
88
88
88
88
88
88
75
67
50
50