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You searched for: EV170018 (EV-TRACK ID)

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  • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
  • DG = density gradient
  • UF = ultrafiltration
  • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
EV-TRACK ID
EV170018
species
Homo
sapiens
sample type
Cell
culture
cell type
osteoclasts
osteoclasts
osteoclasts
primary
circulating
monocytes
osteoclasts
primary
circulating
monocytes
osteoclasts
osteoclasts
primary
circulating
monocytes
osteoclasts
osteoclasts
primary
circulating
monocytes
condition
Donor 1
grown
on
hydroxyapatite
Donor 2
grown
on
hydroxyapatite
Donor 2
grown
on
polystyrene
Donor 2
LPS-activated
Donor 1
grown
on
polystyrene
Donor 1
LPS-activated
Donor 3
grown
on
hydroxyapatite
Donor 4
grown
on
hydroxyapatite
Donor 3
LPS-activated
Donor 3
grown
on
polystyrene
Donor 4
grown
on
polystyrene
Donor 4
LPS-activated
isolation protocol
Commercial
method
dUC
Filtration
Commercial
method
dUC
Filtration
Commercial
method
dUC
Filtration
Commercial
method
dUC
Filtration
Commercial
method
dUC
Filtration
Commercial
method
dUC
Filtration
dUC
Filtration
dUC
Filtration
dUC
Filtration
dUC
Filtration
dUC
Filtration
dUC
Filtration
case number
1
3
5
7
8
12
2
4
6
9
10
11
EV-METRIC %
57
57
57
57
57
57
55
55
55
55
55
55
Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Sample type, Sample condition
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV170018 1/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant Commercial method
dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (95th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Commercial method + dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 1, grown on hydroxyapatite
EV-producing cells
osteoclasts
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Commercial kit
miRCURY Exosome Isolation Kit (Exiqon)
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
126
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
2.35E+09 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Extra information
Pelleting by ultracentrifugation was only added to the protocol for EM analysis.
EV170018 3/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant Commercial method
dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (95th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Commercial method + dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 2, grown on hydroxyapatite
EV-producing cells
osteoclasts
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Commercial kit
miRCURY Exosome Isolation Kit (Exiqon)
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
121
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
6.03E+09 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Extra information
Pelleting by ultracentrifugation was only added to the protocol for EM analysis.
EV170018 5/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant Commercial method
dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (95th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Commercial method + dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 2, grown on polystyrene
EV-producing cells
osteoclasts
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Commercial kit
miRCURY Exosome Isolation Kit (Exiqon)
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
126
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
1.96E+10 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Extra information
Pelleting by ultracentrifugation was only added to the protocol for EM analysis.
EV170018 7/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant Commercial method
dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (95th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Commercial method + dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 2, LPS-activated
EV-producing cells
primary circulating monocytes
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Commercial kit
miRCURY Exosome Isolation Kit (Exiqon)
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
91
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
1.68E+09 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Extra information
Pelleting by ultracentrifugation was only added to the protocol for EM analysis.
EV170018 8/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant Commercial method
dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (95th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Commercial method + dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 1, grown on polystyrene
EV-producing cells
osteoclasts
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Commercial kit
miRCURY Exosome Isolation Kit (Exiqon)
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
114
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
1.17E+10 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Extra information
Pelleting by ultracentrifugation was only added to the protocol for EM analysis.
EV170018 12/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant Commercial method
dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 57%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
57% (95th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Commercial method + dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 1, LPS-activated
EV-producing cells
primary circulating monocytes
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Commercial kit
miRCURY Exosome Isolation Kit (Exiqon)
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
107
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
1.43E+09 particles/ml start sample
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
Extra information
Pelleting by ultracentrifugation was only added to the protocol for EM analysis.
EV170018 2/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 55%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
55% (92nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting) / 211.6 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ HSP70/ TSG101/ CD90
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 3, grown on hydroxyapatite
EV-producing cells
osteoclasts
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, HSP70, TSG101, CD90
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
120
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
1.20E+08 particles/ml start sample
EV170018 4/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 55%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
55% (92nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting) / 211.6 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ HSP70/ TSG101/ CD90
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 4, grown on hydroxyapatite
EV-producing cells
osteoclasts
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, HSP70, TSG101, CD90
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
135
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
7.90E+08 particles/ml start sample
EV170018 6/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 55%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
55% (92nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting) / 211.6 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: HSP70/ TSG101/ CD90
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 3, LPS-activated
EV-producing cells
primary circulating monocytes
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
HSP70, TSG101, CD90
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
133
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
3.60E+08 particles/ml start sample
EV170018 9/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 55%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
55% (92nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting) / 211.6 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ HSP70/ TSG101/ CD90
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 3, grown on polystyrene
EV-producing cells
osteoclasts
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, HSP70, TSG101, CD90
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
134
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
7.40E+08 particles/ml start sample
EV170018 10/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 55%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
55% (92nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting) / 211.6 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ HSP70/ TSG101/ CD90
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 4, grown on polystyrene
EV-producing cells
osteoclasts
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63, HSP70, TSG101, CD90
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
131
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
5.40E+08 particles/ml start sample
EV170018 11/12 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
Gebraad A 2017 55%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Gebraad A, Kornilov R, Kaur S, Miettinen S, Haimi S, Peltoniemi H, Mannerström B, Seppänen-Kaijansinkko R
Journal
FEBS J
Abstract
Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with (show more...)Intercellular communication is essential in bone remodelling to ensure that new bone is formed with only temporary bone loss. Monocytes (MCs) and osteoclasts actively take part in controlling bone remodelling by providing signals that promote osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs). Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have attracted attention as regulators of bone remodelling. EVs facilitate intercellular communication by transferring a complex cargo of biologically active molecules to target cells. In the present study, we evaluated the potency of EVs from MCs and osteoclasts to induce a lineage-specific response in MSCs. We analysed gene expression and protein secretion by both adipose tissue-derived MSCs and bone marrow-derived MSCs after stimulation with EVs from lipopolysaccharide-activated primary human MCs and (mineral-resorbing) osteoclasts. Isolated EVs were enriched in exosomes (EVs of endosomal origin) and were free of cell debris. MC- and osteoclast-derived EVs were taken up by adipose tissue-derived MSCs. EVs from activated MCs promoted the secretion of cytokines by MSCs, which may represent an immunomodulatory mechanism. MC-derived EVs also upregulated the expression of genes encoding for matrix metalloproteinases. Therefore, we hypothesize that MCs facilitate tissue remodelling through EV-mediated signalling. We did not observe a significant effect of osteoclast-derived EVs on gene expression or protein secretion in MSCs. EV-mediated signalling might represent an additional mode of cell-cell signalling during the transition from injury and inflammation to bone regeneration and play an important role in the coupling between bone resorption and bone formation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
55% (92nd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
211.6 (pelleting) / 211.6 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: HSP70/ TSG101/ CD90
non-EV: Calnexin
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample Condition
Donor 4, LPS-activated
EV-producing cells
primary circulating monocytes
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >= 100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 28
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Wash: time (min)
120
Wash: Rotor Type
SW 28
Wash: speed (g)
120000
Wash: adjusted k-factor
211.6
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Not determined
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Yes
Lysis buffer provided?
Yes
Detected EV-associated proteins
HSP70, TSG101, CD90
Not detected contaminants
Calnexin
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Median
Reported size (nm)
147
EV concentration
Yes
Particle yield
3.20E+08 particles/ml start sample
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