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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV170001 1/1 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant DG
Vergauwen, Glenn 2017 100%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Vergauwen G, Dhondt B, Van Deun J, De Smedt E, Berx G, Timmerman E, Gevaert K, Miinalainen I, Cocquyt V, Braems G, Van den Broecke R, Denys H, De Wever O, Hendrix A.
Sci Rep
Identification and validation of extracellular vesicle (EV)-associated biomarkers requires robust is (show more...)Identification and validation of extracellular vesicle (EV)-associated biomarkers requires robust isolation and characterization protocols. We assessed the impact of some commonly implemented pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical variables in EV research. Centrifugal filters with different membrane types and pore sizes are used to reduce large volume biofluids prior to EV isolation or to concentrate EVs. We compared five commonly reported filters for their efficiency when using plasma, urine and EV-spiked PBS. Regenerated cellulose membranes with pore size of 10 kDa recovered EVs the most efficient. Less than 40% recovery was achieved with other filters. Next, we analyzed the effect of the type of protein assays to measure EV protein in colorimetric and fluorometric kits. The fluorometric assay Qubit measured low concentration EV and BSA samples the most accurately with the lowest variation among technical and biological replicates. Lastly, we quantified Optiprep remnants in EV samples from density gradient ultracentrifugation and demonstrate that size-exclusion chromatography efficiently removes Optiprep from EVs. In conclusion, choice of centrifugal filters and protein assays confound EV analysis and should be carefully considered to increase efficiency towards biomarker discovery. SEC-based removal of Optiprep remnants from EVs can be considered for downstream applications. (hide)
100% (99th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
DG + dUC + Ultrafiltration
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD81/ TSG101
non-EV: Argonaute-2/ PMP70
EV density (g/ml)
Show all info
Study aim
Technical analysis comparing/optimizing EV-related methods
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-producing cells
MCF7 Rab27b-GFP
EV-harvesting Medium
EV-depleted serum
Preparation of EDS
>=18h at >=100,000g
Isolation Method
Differential ultra centrifugation
Differential UC: filtering steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Density gradient
Only used for validation of main results
Number of initial discontinuous layers
Lowest density fraction
Highest density fraction
Total gradient volume, incl. sample (mL)
Sample volume (mL)
Rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Speed (g)
Duration (min)
Fraction volume (mL)
Fraction processing
Pelleting: volume per fraction
Pelleting: duration (min)
Pelleting: rotor type
SW 32.1 Ti
Pelleting: speed (g)
Filtration steps
0.45µm > x > 0.22µm,
Ultra filtration
Cut-off size (kDa)
Membrane type
Regenerated cellulose
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Fluorometric assay (e.g. Qubit, NanoOrange,…)
Western Blot
Antibody details provided?
Lysis buffer provided?
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD81/ TSG101
Not detected contaminants
Argonaute-2/ PMP70
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