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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, separation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type separation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV140088 1/1 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Filtration
Ohshima K 2014 44%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Ohshima K, Kanto K, Hatakeyama K, Ide T, Wakabayashi-Nakao K, Watanabe Y, Sakura N, Terashima M, Yamaguchi K, Mochizuki T
Journal
Proteomics
Abstract
Exosomes are small vesicles secreted from cells that transport their embedded molecules through bidi (show more...)Exosomes are small vesicles secreted from cells that transport their embedded molecules through bidirectional exocytosis- and endocytosis-like pathways. Expression patterns of exosomal molecules such as proteins and RNAs can be indicative of cell type since their signature is thought to be unique among cells. Using human primary (AZ-521) and metastatic (AZ-P7a) duodenal cancer cell lines, we conducted a comparative exosomal proteome analysis to identify proteins with metastatic marker potential. As determined by LC-MS/MS and Western blot analyses, polyadenylate-binding protein 1 (PABP1) was found to be predominantly abundant in AZ-P7a exosomes. The amount of exosomal PABP1 in AZ-P7a cells increased by treating the cells with inhibitors for the classical ER/Golgi secretory pathway (brefeldin A and monensin) and the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway (MG-132 and PYR-41). Treatment of AZ-P7a cells with the neutral sphingomyelinase inhibitor GW4869, which suppresses exosome release, not only reduced the amount of exosomal PABP1 but also produced PABP1-immunoreactive products cleaved via a proteolysis-like process. Taken together, these results suggest that AZ-P7a cells do not tolerate intracellular PABP1 accumulation and are thus exported into the extracellular milieu by the exosome-mediated pathway. In addition, PABP1 has a potential use as a biomarker for metastatic duodenal cancer. (hide)
EV-METRIC
44% (78th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Sample origin
DNF
Focus vesicles
exosomes
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • dUC = (Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Filtration
Adj. k-factor
156.9 (pelleting) / 93.46 (washing)
Protein markers
EV: Tubulin/ Alix/ Beta-actin/ GAPDH/ Syntenin
non-EV:
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Biomarker
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-harvesting Medium
EV Depleted
Separation Method
(Differential) (ultra)centrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
70Ti
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
156.9
Wash: volume per pellet (ml)
6
Wash: Rotor Type
100Ti
Wash: adjusted k-factor
93.46
Filtration steps
0.2µm > x > 0.1µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ Syntenin/ Beta-actin/ GAPDH/ Tubulin
ELISA
Detected EV-associated proteins
Beta-actin/ GAPDH/ Tubulin
NA
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