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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV140063 1/1 Mus musculus Cell culture supernatant dUC
Sucrose-DG (valid.)
Burke M 2014 71%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Burke M, Choksawangkarn W, Edwards N, Ostrand-Rosenberg S, Fenselau C
Journal
J Proteome Res
Abstract
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are present in most cancer patients where they inhibit natur (show more...)Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are present in most cancer patients where they inhibit natural anti-tumor immunity and are an obstacle to anti-cancer immunotherapies. They mediate immune suppression through their production of proteins and soluble mediators that prevent the activation of tumor-reactive T lymphyocytes, polarize macrophages toward a tumor-promoting phenotype, and facilitate angiogenesis. The accumulation and suppressive potency of MDSC is regulated by inflammation within the tumor microenvironment. Recently exosomes have been proposed to act as intercellular communicators, carrying active proteins and other molecules between sender cells and receiver cells. In this report we describe the proteome of exosomes shed by MDSC induced in BALB/c mice by the 4T1 mammary carcinoma. Using bottom-up proteomics, we have identified 412 proteins. Spectral counting identified 63 proteins whose abundance was altered >2-fold in the inflammatory environment. The pro-inflammatory proteins S100A8 and S100A9, previously shown to be secreted by MDSC and to be chemotactic for MDSC, are abundant in MDSC-derived exosomes. Bioassays reveal that MDSC-derived exosomes polarize macrophages toward a tumor-promoting type 2 phenotype, in addition to possessing S100A8/A9 chemotactic activity. These results suggest that some of the tumor-promoting functions of MDSC are implemented by MDSC-shed exosomes. (hide)
EV-METRIC
71% (98th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
exosomes
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Sucrose-DG (valid.)
Adj. k-factor
276.6 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: None
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.2-1.3
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Mus musculus
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-harvesting Medium
serum free
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
1200
Pelleting: rotor type
SW40
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
276.6
Density gradient
Only used for validation of main results
1
Lowest density fraction
0.25
Highest density fraction
2.5
Orientation
Bottom-up
Characterization: Protein analysis
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
transmission EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
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