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You searched for: EV140013 (EV-TRACK ID)

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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV140013 1/1 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant dUC
Sucrose-DG
Smyth TJ 2014 56%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Smyth TJ, Redzic JS, Graner MW, Anchordoquy TJ
Journal
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembranes
Abstract
Small endogenous vesicles called exosomes are beginning to be explored as drug delivery vehicles. Th (show more...)Small endogenous vesicles called exosomes are beginning to be explored as drug delivery vehicles. The in vivo targets of exosomes are poorly understood; however, they are believed to be important in cell-to-cell communication and may play a prominent role in cancer metastasis. We aimed to elucidate whether cancer derived exosomes can be used as drug delivery vehicles that innately target tumors over normal tissue. Our in vitro results suggest that while there is some specificity towards cancer cells over immortalized cells, it is unclear if the difference is sufficient to achieve precise in vivo targeting. Additionally, we found that exosomes associate with their cellular targets to a significantly greater extent (>10-fold) than liposomes of a similar size. Studies on the association of liposomes mimicking the unique lipid content of exosomes revealed that the lipid composition contributes significantly to cellular adherence/internalization. Cleavage of exosome surface proteins yielded exosomes exhibiting reduced association with their cellular targets, demonstrating the importance of proteins in binding/internalization. Furthermore, although acidic conditions are known to augment the metastatic potential of tumors, we found that cells cultured at low pH released exosomes with significantly less potential for cellular association than cells cultured at physiological pH. (hide)
EV-METRIC
56% (93rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
exosomes
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Sucrose-DG
Protein markers
EV: CD63/ CD9/ HSP90/ HSP70
non-EV: Cell organelle protein
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.18
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-harvesting Medium
EV Depleted
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
600
Density gradient
Density medium
Sucrose
Lowest density fraction
12
Highest density fraction
50
Orientation
Top-down
Speed (g)
100000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD63/ CD9/ HSP90/ HSP70
Detected contaminants
Cell organelle protein
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
EM
EM-type
transmission EM
Image type
Wide-field
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