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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV120041 1/1 Bos bovis Milk 0.2 µm filter
Density cushion
dUC
Sucrose-DG
Reinhardt TA 2012 56%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Reinhardt TA, Lippolis JD, Nonnecke BJ, Sacco RE
Journal
J Proteomics
Abstract
Exosomes are 40-100 nm membrane vesicles of endocytic origin, secreted by cells and are found in bio (show more...)Exosomes are 40-100 nm membrane vesicles of endocytic origin, secreted by cells and are found in biological fluids including milk. These exosomes are extracellular organelles important in intracellular communication, and immune function. Therefore, the proteome of bovine milk exosomes may provide insight into the complex processes of milk production. Exosomes were isolated from the milk of mid-lactation cows. Purified exosomes were trypsin digested, subjected offline high pH reverse phase chromatography and further fractionated on a nanoLC connected to tandem mass spectrometer. This resulted in identification of 2107 proteins that included all of the major exosome protein markers. The major milk fat globule membrane (MFGM) proteins (Butyrophilin, Xanthine oxidase, Adipophilin and Lactadherin) were the most abundant proteins found in milk exosomes. However, they represented only 0.4-1.2% of the total spectra collected from milk exosomes compared to 15-28% of the total spectra collected in the MFGM proteome. These data show that the milk exosome secretion pathway differs significantly from that of the MFGM in part due to the greatly reduced presence of MFGM proteins. The protein composition of milk exosomes provides new information on milk protein composition and the potential physiological significance of exosomes to mammary physiology. (hide)
EV-METRIC
56% (93rd percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Milk
Focus vesicles
exosomes
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
0.2 µm filter + Density cushion + dUC + Sucrose-DG
Adj. k-factor
157.1 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: TSG101/ MFGE8
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.7
Show all info
Study aim
Omics
Sample
Species
Bos bovis
Sample Type
Milk
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
60
Pelleting: rotor type
50.2Ti
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
157.1
Density gradient
Density medium
Sucrose
Lowest density fraction
5
Highest density fraction
43
Orientation
Bottom-up
Rotor type
50.2Ti
Speed (g)
200000
Filtration steps
0.22µm or 0.2µm
Characterization: Protein analysis
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
TSG101/ MFGE8
ELISA
Detected EV-associated proteins
MFGE8
Fluorescent NTA
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
transmission EM
Image type
Close-up
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