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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV120014 1/1 Homo sapiens Cell culture supernatant Density cushion
Sucrose-DG
UF
Choi DS 2012 50%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Choi DS, Yang JS, Choi EJ, Jang SC, Park S, Kim OY, Hwang D, Kim KP, Kim YK, Kim S, Gho YS
Journal
J Proteome Res
Abstract
Various mammalian cells including tumor cells secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs), otherwise known (show more...)Various mammalian cells including tumor cells secrete extracellular vesicles (EVs), otherwise known as exosomes and microvesicles. EVs are nanosized bilayered proteolipids and play multiple roles in intercellular communication. Although many vesicular proteins have been identified, their functional interrelationships and the mechanisms of EV biogenesis remain unknown. By interrogating proteomic data using systems approaches, we have created a protein interaction network of human colorectal cancer cell-derived EVs which comprises 1491 interactions between 957 vesicular proteins. We discovered that EVs have well-connected clusters with several hub proteins similar to other subcellular networks. We also experimentally validated that direct protein interactions between cellular proteins may be involved in protein sorting during EV formation. Moreover, physically and functionally interconnected protein complexes form functional modules involved in EV biogenesis and functions. Specifically, we discovered that SRC signaling plays a major role in EV biogenesis, and confirmed that inhibition of SRC kinase decreased the intracellular biogenesis and cell surface release of EVs. Our study provides global insights into the cargo-sorting, biogenesis, and pathophysiological roles of these complex extracellular organelles. (hide)
EV-METRIC
50% (89th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicles
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Density cushion + Sucrose-DG + UF
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ CD9/ TSG101
non-EV: Cell organelle protein
Proteomics
yes
EV density (g/ml)
1.160
Show all info
Study aim
Omics
Sample
Species
Homo sapiens
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-harvesting Medium
serum free
Isolation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
dUC: centrifugation steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Density gradient
Density medium
Sucrose
Lowest density fraction
0.6
Highest density fraction
2.8
Orientation
Bottom-up
Speed (g)
150000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD63/ CD81/ CD9/ TSG101
Detected contaminants
Cell organelle protein
Fluorescent NTA
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