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You searched for: EV100027 (EV-TRACK ID)

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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, isolation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Isolation method
Experiment number
  • Experiments differ in Isolation method
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type Isolation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV100027 2/2 Leishmania donovani
Leishmania mexicana
Leishmania major
Cell culture supernatant dUC
Sucrose-DG (valid.)
Silverman JM 2010 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Silverman JM, Clos J, de'Oliveira CC, Shirvani O, Fang Y, Wang C, Foster LJ, Reiner NE
Journal
J Cell Sci
Abstract
Specialized secretion systems are used by numerous bacterial pathogens to export virulence factors i (show more...)Specialized secretion systems are used by numerous bacterial pathogens to export virulence factors into host target cells. Leishmania and other eukaryotic intracellular pathogens also deliver effector proteins into host cells; however, the mechanisms involved have remained elusive. In this report, we identify exosome-based secretion as a general mechanism for protein secretion by Leishmania, and show that exosomes are involved in the delivery of proteins into host target cells. Comparative quantitative proteomics unambiguously identified 329 proteins in Leishmania exosomes, accounting for >52% of global protein secretion from these organisms. Our findings demonstrate that infection-like stressors (37 degrees C +/- pH 5.5) upregulated exosome release more than twofold and also modified exosome protein composition. Leishmania exosomes and exosomal proteins were detected in the cytosolic compartment of infected macrophages and incubation of macrophages with exosomes selectively induced secretion of IL-8, but not TNF-alpha. We thus provide evidence for an apparently broad-based mechanism of protein export by Leishmania. Moreover, we describe a mechanism for the direct delivery of Leishmania molecules into macrophages. These findings suggest that, like mammalian exosomes, Leishmania exosomes function in long-range communication and immune modulation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (98th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
exosomes
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
dUC + Sucrose-DG (valid.)
Adj. k-factor
54.89 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: HSP90/ HSP70/ EF1A
non-EV: None
Proteomics
no
EV density (g/ml)
1.08-1.17
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Leishmania donovani / Leishmania mexicana / Leishmania major
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-harvesting Medium
serum free
Isolation Method
Differential ultra centrifugation
Differential UC: filtering steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
TLA100.3
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
54.89
Density gradient
Only used for validation of main results
1
Lowest density fraction
0.25
Highest density fraction
2.5
Orientation
Bottom-up
Rotor type
TLA100.3
Speed (g)
110000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
HSP90/ HSP70/ EF1A
ELISA
Detected EV-associated proteins
EF1A
Characterization: Particle analysis
EM
EM-type
transmission EM/ immune EM
Image type
Close-up, Wide-field
EV100027 1/2 Leishmania donovani
Leishmania mexicana
Leishmania major
Cell culture supernatant Density cushion (valid.)
dUC
UF
Silverman JM 2010 33%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
Silverman JM, Clos J, de'Oliveira CC, Shirvani O, Fang Y, Wang C, Foster LJ, Reiner NE
Journal
J Cell Sci
Abstract
Specialized secretion systems are used by numerous bacterial pathogens to export virulence factors i (show more...)Specialized secretion systems are used by numerous bacterial pathogens to export virulence factors into host target cells. Leishmania and other eukaryotic intracellular pathogens also deliver effector proteins into host cells; however, the mechanisms involved have remained elusive. In this report, we identify exosome-based secretion as a general mechanism for protein secretion by Leishmania, and show that exosomes are involved in the delivery of proteins into host target cells. Comparative quantitative proteomics unambiguously identified 329 proteins in Leishmania exosomes, accounting for >52% of global protein secretion from these organisms. Our findings demonstrate that infection-like stressors (37 degrees C +/- pH 5.5) upregulated exosome release more than twofold and also modified exosome protein composition. Leishmania exosomes and exosomal proteins were detected in the cytosolic compartment of infected macrophages and incubation of macrophages with exosomes selectively induced secretion of IL-8, but not TNF-alpha. We thus provide evidence for an apparently broad-based mechanism of protein export by Leishmania. Moreover, we describe a mechanism for the direct delivery of Leishmania molecules into macrophages. These findings suggest that, like mammalian exosomes, Leishmania exosomes function in long-range communication and immune modulation. (hide)
EV-METRIC
33% (75th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Isolation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Isolation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Isolation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Cell culture supernatant
Focus vesicles
exosomes
Isolation protocol
Isolation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the isolation protocol.
    • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
Density cushion (valid.) + dUC + UF
Adj. k-factor
54.89 (pelleting)
Protein markers
EV: HSP90/ HSP70/ EF1A
non-EV: None
Proteomics
yes
Show all info
Study aim
Function
Sample
Species
Leishmania donovani / Leishmania mexicana / Leishmania major
Sample Type
Cell culture supernatant
EV-harvesting Medium
serum free
Isolation Method
Differential ultra centrifugation
Differential UC: filtering steps
Below or equal to 800 g
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 10,000 g and 50,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
TLA100.3
Pelleting: adjusted k-factor
54.89
Characterization: Protein analysis
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
HSP90/ HSP70/ EF1A
ELISA
Detected EV-associated proteins
EF1A
Characterization: Particle analysis
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