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You searched for: EV200028 (EV-TRACK ID)

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Experiment number
  • If needed, multiple experiments were identified in a single publication based on differing sample types, separation protocols and/or vesicle types of interest.
Species
  • Species of origin of the EVs.
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
Details EV-TRACK ID Experiment nr. Species Sample type separation protocol First author Year EV-METRIC
EV200028 1/3 Rattus norvegicus Serum (d)(U)C F Fricke 2019 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
F Fricke, J Gebert, J Kopitz, K Plaschke
Journal
Cell Mol Neurobiol
Abstract
Peripheral inflammation induced by endotoxemia or surgical stress induces neuroinflammation thereby (show more...)Peripheral inflammation induced by endotoxemia or surgical stress induces neuroinflammation thereby causing neurological symptoms ranging from sickness behavior to delirium. Thus, proinflammatory signaling must be operative between the periphery and the central nervous system (CNS). In the present study, we tested whether nanometer-sized extracellular vesicles (EVs) that were produced during the peripheral inflammatory process have the capacity to induce neuroinflammation. Conditions of endotoxemia or surgical intervention were simulated in rats by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection or partial hepatectomy (HpX). EVs were concentrated from these animals and tested for their proinflammatory action (I) in a microglial cell line and (II) by intracerebroventricular and (III) by intravenous injections into healthy rats. EVs from both conditions induced the secretion of cytokines from the glial cell line. Intracerebroventricular injection of the EVs caused the release of inflammatory cytokines to the cerebrospinal fluid indicating their pro-neuroinflammatory capacity. Finally, proinflammatory EVs were shown to pass the blood-brain barrier and induce neuroinflammation after their intravenous injection. Based on these data, we suggest that EV-associated proinflammatory signaling contributes to the induction of neuroinflammation in endotoxemia and peripheral surgical stress. Preliminary results suggest that peripheral cholinergic signals might be involved in the control of proinflammatory EV-mediated signaling from the periphery to the brain. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (97th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
Control condition
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: ApoA1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Mechanism of uptake/transfer
Sample
Species
Rattus norvegicus
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
Control condition
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
TLA-100.2
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ Alix
Not detected contaminants
ApoA1
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
107
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV200028 2/3 Rattus norvegicus Serum (d)(U)C F Fricke 2019 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
F Fricke, J Gebert, J Kopitz, K Plaschke
Journal
Cell Mol Neurobiol
Abstract
Peripheral inflammation induced by endotoxemia or surgical stress induces neuroinflammation thereby (show more...)Peripheral inflammation induced by endotoxemia or surgical stress induces neuroinflammation thereby causing neurological symptoms ranging from sickness behavior to delirium. Thus, proinflammatory signaling must be operative between the periphery and the central nervous system (CNS). In the present study, we tested whether nanometer-sized extracellular vesicles (EVs) that were produced during the peripheral inflammatory process have the capacity to induce neuroinflammation. Conditions of endotoxemia or surgical intervention were simulated in rats by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection or partial hepatectomy (HpX). EVs were concentrated from these animals and tested for their proinflammatory action (I) in a microglial cell line and (II) by intracerebroventricular and (III) by intravenous injections into healthy rats. EVs from both conditions induced the secretion of cytokines from the glial cell line. Intracerebroventricular injection of the EVs caused the release of inflammatory cytokines to the cerebrospinal fluid indicating their pro-neuroinflammatory capacity. Finally, proinflammatory EVs were shown to pass the blood-brain barrier and induce neuroinflammation after their intravenous injection. Based on these data, we suggest that EV-associated proinflammatory signaling contributes to the induction of neuroinflammation in endotoxemia and peripheral surgical stress. Preliminary results suggest that peripheral cholinergic signals might be involved in the control of proinflammatory EV-mediated signaling from the periphery to the brain. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (97th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
LPS
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: ApoA1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Mechanism of uptake/transfer
Sample
Species
Rattus norvegicus
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
LPS
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
TLA-100.2
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
CD9/ CD63/ Alix
Not detected contaminants
ApoA1
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
106
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
EV200028 3/3 Rattus norvegicus Serum (d)(U)C F Fricke 2019 67%

Study summary

Full title
All authors
F Fricke, J Gebert, J Kopitz, K Plaschke
Journal
Cell Mol Neurobiol
Abstract
Peripheral inflammation induced by endotoxemia or surgical stress induces neuroinflammation thereby (show more...)Peripheral inflammation induced by endotoxemia or surgical stress induces neuroinflammation thereby causing neurological symptoms ranging from sickness behavior to delirium. Thus, proinflammatory signaling must be operative between the periphery and the central nervous system (CNS). In the present study, we tested whether nanometer-sized extracellular vesicles (EVs) that were produced during the peripheral inflammatory process have the capacity to induce neuroinflammation. Conditions of endotoxemia or surgical intervention were simulated in rats by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection or partial hepatectomy (HpX). EVs were concentrated from these animals and tested for their proinflammatory action (I) in a microglial cell line and (II) by intracerebroventricular and (III) by intravenous injections into healthy rats. EVs from both conditions induced the secretion of cytokines from the glial cell line. Intracerebroventricular injection of the EVs caused the release of inflammatory cytokines to the cerebrospinal fluid indicating their pro-neuroinflammatory capacity. Finally, proinflammatory EVs were shown to pass the blood-brain barrier and induce neuroinflammation after their intravenous injection. Based on these data, we suggest that EV-associated proinflammatory signaling contributes to the induction of neuroinflammation in endotoxemia and peripheral surgical stress. Preliminary results suggest that peripheral cholinergic signals might be involved in the control of proinflammatory EV-mediated signaling from the periphery to the brain. (hide)
EV-METRIC
67% (97th percentile of all experiments on the same sample type)
 Reported
 Not reported
 Not applicable
EV-enriched proteins
Protein analysis: analysis of three or more EV-enriched proteins
non EV-enriched protein
Protein analysis: assessment of a non-EV-enriched protein
qualitative and quantitative analysis
Particle analysis: implementation of both qualitative and quantitative methods
electron microscopy images
Particle analysis: inclusion of a widefield and close-up electron microscopy image
density gradient
Separation method: density gradient, at least as validation of results attributed to EVs
EV density
Separation method: reporting of obtained EV density
ultracentrifugation specifics
Separation method: reporting of g-forces, duration and rotor type of ultracentrifugation steps
antibody specifics
Protein analysis: antibody clone/reference number and dilution
lysate preparation
Protein analysis: lysis buffer composition
Study data
Sample type
Serum
Sample origin
HpX
Focus vesicles
extracellular vesicle
Separation protocol
Separation protocol
  • Gives a short, non-chronological overview of the
    different steps of the separation protocol.
    • (d)(U)C = (differential) (ultra)centrifugation
    • DG = density gradient
    • UF = ultrafiltration
    • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
    • IAF = immuno-affinity capture
(d)(U)C
Protein markers
EV: Alix/ CD63/ CD9
non-EV: ApoA1
Proteomics
no
Show all info
Study aim
Function/Mechanism of uptake/transfer
Sample
Species
Rattus norvegicus
Sample Type
Serum
Sample Condition
HpX
Separation Method
Differential ultracentrifugation
centrifugation steps
Between 800 g and 10,000 g
Between 100,000 g and 150,000 g
Obtain an EV pellet :
Yes
Pelleting: time(min)
120
Pelleting: rotor type
TLA-100.2
Pelleting: speed (g)
120000
Characterization: Protein analysis
Protein Concentration Method
Bradford
Western Blot
Detected EV-associated proteins
Alix/ CD9/ CD63
Not detected contaminants
ApoA1
Characterization: Particle analysis
NTA
Report type
Mean
Reported size (nm)
109
EM
EM-type
Transmission-EM
Image type
Wide-field
1 - 3 of 3
  • CM = Commercial method
  • dUC = differential ultracentrifugation
  • DG = density gradient
  • UF = ultrafiltration
  • SEC = size-exclusion chromatography
EV-TRACK ID
EV200028
species
Rattus norvegicus
sample type
Serum
condition
Control condition
LPS
HpX
separation protocol
(d)(U)C
(d)(U)C
(d)(U)C
Exp. nr.
1
2
3
EV-METRIC %
67
67
67